A Cogeneration Technologies
E-mail: info @ cogeneration .net
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Zero Energy Buildings
Making this one of the World's First "Net
Zero Energy Buildings"
at Their New Facility in Los Angeles, California
Provides All of the Building's (5000 sq.ft.)
Electricity, Air-Conditioning, Heating and Domestic Hot Water With Free Solar
Sun Powers the Audubon Center's Solar
System at Debs Park
in Los Angeles. The Audubon building is one of the world's first "Net Zero
™ System Consists of a 10 Ton
Matched with a Solar
Electric Power System
President & CEO
Renewable Energy Technologies, an EcoGeneration Solutions, LLC. Company
Los Angeles, California
is now a better, more efficient, “pollution
free power” solution for
cooling, heating and powering homes and commercial buildings where solar energy
is defined as the simultaneous generation of cooling,
heating and power with only the
solar energy from the sun providing the "fuel". Solar
Trigeneration™ is now a
reality at the Audubon
several miles from downtown
Los Angeles and is one of the world's
first "Net Zero Energy Buildings."
totally powered by the sun’s energy and the building operates
entirely “grid-free” and without any electric connections to the electric
grid, or natural gas connections – a truly sustainable power and energy
of all, the Audubon Center doesn’t rely on the over-burdened electric grid or
even natural gas. Therefore, the Audubon
NO electric bills or natural gas
bills to pay each month.
Center's 5,000 square foot office and
conference facility is powered by a Solar
Trigeneration™ system that
features a 25-kilowatt solar electric power system where the energy is stored in
a bank of batteries. The Center is cooled by a 10-ton solar
absorption cooling system
powered by an array of very efficient solar heat pipe vacuum tube thermal
collectors. The collectors heat the
water to temperatures of 200+ degree F stored in a 1,200 gallon insulated tank,
another type of inexpensive battery. The Solar
Trigeneration system at the
Audubon not only provides the air-conditioning in the summer but also heats the
building in the winter, and provides the hot water for the kitchen and
chillers, and cooling with
solar energy with an absorption chiller are not new technologies.
In fact, absorption chiller technology is over 70 years old.
The first refrigerators were powered by propane gas to run the absorption
chillers that used ammonia as a refrigerant.
Electricity and the electric compression chiller gained popularity only
because of the convenient “plug and play” appliance and relatively cheap
electric rates. Electricity is no
longer economically, or environmentally “cheap.”
refers to the simultaneous production of heat and power. Cogeneration plants are
much more efficient as compared with typical power plants.
Cogeneration is usually about 55% to 70% efficient in terms of overall
system efficiency, or about 200% more efficient than typical power plants.
However, cogeneration power plants are fueled by natural gas, which is a
limited resource, and whose price has exploded as a result of all the new
cogeneration plants that have been built and fueled by natural gas. Even in
early 2001, the price of natural gas was only $2.75 - $3.25 per mmbtu. However,
with all of the new cogeneration power plants, limited supply of natural gas,
and the huge demand placed on natural gas for fueling the new cogeneration
plants, the price of natural gas is now around $7.50 - $8.50 per mmbtu.
Trigeneration™ is an EcoGeneration™
refers to a power and energy system that uses the “natural” energy or fuel
that is available for a specific site or location. Such energy or fuel includes,
solar, wind, BioMethane,
geothermal, and ocean power, including ocean tidal and ocean thermal energy
conversion. For example, in the
desert areas of the
Southwestern U.S., there is an abundance of solar energy.
Therefore, home-owners and business owners in this part of the country should
seriously consider an EcoGeneration system (“ecogen system”) that optimizes
the opportunities available through solar energy
the cause of the summer peak electric demand, electric supply problems, and
black-outs, are the result of the energy crisis in
, primarily attributed to the air
conditioning load. Over 40 percent of the electricity generated every day goes
is used for air conditioning. At
this time of year, the electric utilities are forced to turn on all of their
power plants to generate the “peak” demands required by the customers,
primarily for air-conditioning. This
means that all of the efficient power plants, the inefficient power plants,
along with all of the “peaking” power plants have to run to generate the
electricity needed. The high cost of meeting the peak demand is passed on to the
consumers with rates of $.20+ per kWh during the summer months.
For fixed income seniors living in desert communities, they are already
forced to conserve on energy, food, water, and other necessities of life.
Demands on California’s Limited Electric Supply, Lack of New Electric Power
Supplies, and This Summer’s Heat Wave are Compounding the Problem Leading to
the “Perfect Electric
people will remember the movie “The Perfect Storm” from several years ago,
when several storms came together in the northeastern part of the
to produce a deadly and catastrophic
“perfect” storm. Today, a different type of “perfect storm” is brewing
. The storm that’s looming on the
horizon in California is a “perfect electric storm” wherein the supply of electricity from the
electric utility company’s power plants are unable to keep-up with the demand
– meaning a black-out, or loss of electricity, like the black-outs from
previous years, and like the northeastern black-out from 2003.
most likely time of year for a black-out in
, unfortunately, is the summer, when
air-conditioners are running at the maximum, and placing the maximum load on
’s electricity supply.
Should such a black-out occur in the desert areas of California, where
daily high temperatures routinely reach 110 degrees and higher, and where a
significant percentage of the population is comprised of retired and senior
citizens, and should the black-out be prolonged, a number of deaths will be the
likely outcome. People, and especially the elderly, simply cannot tolerate
prolonged high temperatures
Do We Prevent the “Perfect Electric Storm” from Occurring
in California and Other Regions in the U.S.?
major concern is how do we prevent the “Perfect Electric Storm” from
happening, like the Northeast Blackout several summers ago, especially for
people living in the desert?
’s energy authorities are warning of a
possible energy crisis during the hot summer months, due to the excessive and
prolonged summer temperatures where demand increases by over 40 percent.
Compounding the problem is the rising demand for electricity due to
population growth and the limited transmission capacity in some areas in the
region. According to the California
Energy Commission, the State must build three natural gas-fired 500-megawatt
peaking power plants, every year, just to keep up with the growing demands of
electricity. Failure to keep up with demand means The problem is getting worse
due to the population growth in the
Valley. The projected power gap for the coming summers of 2006, 2007, and 2008 is
Schwarzenegger’s “Million Solar Roofs” program and the passage of the 2005
Federal Energy Act will be the foundation to create a “Perfect Solar
Storm” to trigger the Solar Economy throughout California.
the threat of California’s seniors and elderly dying from heat exhaustion due
to power outages, black-outs, rolling black-outs and the rising costs of
electricity and natural gas, combined with the continuing impact of global
warming, the perfect solution is to create a Solar Revolution by cooling,
heating and powering the desert with solar energy and technologies like Solar
Cogeneration ™ or Solar
find our more about the new Solar
at the Audubon
in Los Angeles, or arrange for a tour of the
Center, or discuss your Solar
CHP ™, Solar
Cogeneration ™ or EcoGeneration
™ requirements, call Monty Goodell, M.B.A. at 832-758-0027 or Les Hamasaki at:
The Audubon Center's new Solar Trigeneration power and energy system
makes this building a "Net Zero Energy Building"
The Audubon's Roof showing the Solar
part of the Solar Trigeneration power and energy system
The heart of the Audubon's Solar Trigeneration power and energy system
provides "free heating, cooling and domestic hot water," a "net
zero energy building."
The hot water from the Solar Thermal Collectors on the roof of the
Audubon is pumped here for producing the building's heating, cooling and
domestic hot water.
Hot water is stored in the tank on the left for overnight.