Cogeneration Technologies
An EcoGeneration Solutions
LLC. Company
E-mail:  info @ cogeneration .net

Cooler, Cleaner, Greener Power & Energy Solutions 

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Municipal Utility District

Dispersed Generation Power Plants 
for Cities, Municipalities and Government

We can help your city or community create a Municipal Utility District or Public Utility District that may then qualify for our very competitively priced energy and electricity rates. Now is the time for cities, municipal and governmental clients to consider having our company install one of our renewable power and energy systems that will generate "clean" power and energy, lower costs, and avoid the coming electricity shortages and grid congestion problems!  

Learn more about dispersed generation power plants for cities and industrial customers that will help avoid the coming electricity shortages and grid congestion problems! 

Cooler, Cleaner, Greener Power & Energy Solutions  project development services are one of our many specialties. These projects are Kyoto Protocol compliant and generate clean energy and significantly fewer greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most companies, we are equipment supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help our clients select the best equipment for their specific application. This approach provides our customers with superior performance, decreased operating expenses and increased return on investment. 

Cogeneration Technologies, located in Houston, Texas, provides project development services that generate clean energy and significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions and carbon dioxide emissions. Included in this are our turnkey "ecogeneration™" products and services which includes renewable energy technologies, waste to energy, waste to watts™ and waste heat recovery solutions.  Other project development technologies include; Anaerobic Digester, Anaerobic Lagoon, Biogas Recovery, BioMethane, Biomass Gasification, and Landfill Gas To Energy, project development services. 

Products and services provided by Cogeneration Technologies includes the following power and energy project development services: 

  • Project Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies  

  • Engineering, Procurement and Construction

  • Environmental Engineering & Permitting 

  • Project Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease

  • Shared/Guaranteed Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients 

  • Project Commissioning 

  • 3rd Party Ownership and Project Development

  • Long-term Service Agreements

  • Operations & Maintenance 

  • Green Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting

For more information: call us at: 832-758-0027

We are Renewable Energy Technologies specialists and develop clean power and energy projects that will generate a "Renewable Energy Credit," Carbon Dioxide Credits  and Emission Reduction Credits.  Some of our products and services solutions and technologies include; Absorption Chillers, Adsorption Chillers, Automated Demand Response, Biodiesel Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass Gasification, BioMethane, Canola Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration, Concentrating Solar Power, Demand Response Programs, Demand Side Management, Energy Conservation Measures, Energy Master Planning, Engine Driven Chillers, Geothermal Heatpumps, Groundsource Heatpumps, Solar CHP, Solar Cogeneration, Rapeseed Biodiesel, Solar Electric Heat Pumps, Solar Electric Power Systems, Solar Heating and Cooling, Solar Trigeneration, Soy Biodiesel, Trigeneration, and Watersource Heatpumps.


Municipal Utility Districts and Public Utility Districts 


As electric utilities continue to raise electric rates on their ratepayers/customers - citizens, cities, and municipalities are asking companies such as ours to assist them in building their own power generation plants and distributing the electricity to themselves.  For most cities and municipalities, the creation of a Municipal Utility District (MUD) or a Public Utility District (PUD) will quickly enable a city or municipality to send the "dis-connect" notice to their respective electric utility.    

A Municipal Utility District (MUD), and a Public Utility District (PUD) are very similar in that they are both like a school district, and are governmental entities, which are created under State law. Each state has its' own laws regarding MUD or PUD creation, and the requirements vary from state to state.  MUD's and PUD's may also supply water and wastewater treatment systems.

As a public entity, a MUD or PUD can exercise certain governmental powers, including the levy and collection of property taxes, charging for authorized services, the issuance of bonds for water, sewer, wastewater and electrical power facilities, and the adoption and enforcement of rules and regulations as appropriate to accomplish the purposes for which the district was created.

A MUD or PUD may also be a customer-owned utility, committed to providing electricity on a cost of service basis as a customer service -- not to make a profit for stockholders or shareholders of Independently-Owned-Utilities, which have a responsibility to make a profit, and then share those profits to their shareholders, via dividends. This only occurs after they pay their enormous overhead costs and along with overly-generous, and even outrageous salaries to their top management - whose responsibilities are to generate as much of a profit for their shareholders, at the expense of their customers, or ratepayers, that are paying these increasingly greater electric rates.  

MUD's and PUD's are typically governed by a Board of Commissioners. The board sets MUD/PUD policy, employs the General Manager and guides the district's operations. Members serve a term from 2-4 year terms, and normally elected by voters in that district. The General Manager is directly responsible to the Board of Commissioners. In carrying out the policies of the Board of Commissioners and in conducting the business operations of the district, the General Manager is supported by a trained staff, which includes approximately 45 employees. 

Purpose of the Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution District 

The chief purpose of electric power MUD's or PUD's is to generate, transmit and distribute electrical power for the citizens and ratepayers of that specific district.  The district owns and operates an electric distribution system serving its' ratepayers.  

Overview on California Municipal Utility Districts (MUD)

California cities are increasingly turning towards “Municipal Utility Districts” (MUD) as a way to lower utility costs and increase energy efficiencies.  A MUD is an independent agency – or a public power agency -- that provides for one or more essential public services, such as electricity, to residents and businesses. 

Environmental responsibility.  MUD’s and public power agencies can rely more on renewable sources of energy than investor-owned utilities.  If a community is environmentally aware, MUD’s will explore alternative energies such as cogeneration and trigeneration.

Accountability.  As public-owned agencies, MUD’s must comply with state open-meetings and public-records laws. Public power systems are governed democratically at the local level.  Most -- especially the smaller ones -- are governed by a city council, while others are governed by an independently elected board.  Control stays in the hands of the community.

Savings for customers.  MUD’s charge less than private enterprise.  On a national average, private power company residential customers pay about 18% more for electricity than public power customers.  Public power utilities, on average, return to state and local governments in-lieu-of tax payments and other contributions that are equivalent to state and local taxes paid by private power companies.

To establish a MUD, a community must strictly follow California regulations.  A guideline to next steps is set forth on the following page.  Our company, EcoGeneration Solutions LLC, provides the leadership and attorneys who help cities design and implement a turnkey, state-of-the art-MUD. 

How We Help Establish a California MUD

1.   Commission a feasibility study to:

     * Evaluate City’s needs and design a system which is better, more efficient and
        environmentally-friendly than the existing electric utility company.

     * Analyze the steps needed to acquire, contract, own, and operate a facility
        pursuant to the 1921 California MUD Act.

     * Determine whether the public entity should be a Municipal Utility District
        (MUD) or a Municipal Utility (the latter can be created exclusively by an
        action of the City Council or County Board of Supervisors). 

2.   Assuming City opts for a MUD, draft a qualifying petition seeking the creation
      of a MUD in accordance with State MUD Act (Secs. 11581-11614). 

3.    Coordinate governmental agencies, including the Board of Supervisors, the
       Office of the Clerk of the Board, the Department of Elections, the Office of the
       City Attorney 

4.    Obtain enough signatures to equal 10 percent of the total votes that were cast
       in the last general election to enable placement of a ballot measure for the
       creation of a utility district. 

5.    Sponsor election and elect Board of Directors.

6.    Create “wards” of equal apportionment in City; districts in excess of one million
       people as of January 1, 1974 can increase number of wards to seven.

7.    Assist the Board of Directors and a newly appointed General Manager to
       handle operations; handle all approvals. 

8.   Determine the benefits of incur indebtedness, issuing bonds and investing

9.   Implement all aspects of conversion and installation of new "clean" power
      generation system. 

I. Concept of Distributed Generation and future of power generation - mainframes of yesterday, laptops today

   a.  Problems with central power plants
   b.  Future power constraints
   c.  Transmission & Distribution constraints

II. Onsite power generation - electricity only or total energy solution required?

   a.  Cogeneration - recovery of waste heat to make thermal energy (steam and/or
        hot water)
   b.  Trigeneration - recovery of waste heat to make thermal energy including
         chilled water for air-conditioning
   c.  Overall system efficiencies increased through:

        i. elimination of transmission line losses
        ii. valuable thermal energy is recovered
        iii. enormous amount of pollution is eliminated

III. Methods for implementation

   a. Parallel with utility company - keep utility, stay connected
   b. Island mode - utility is no longer providing any power - total self-generation
   c. Problems - standby charges and fees, no more utility company but system needs
       to be larger for redundancy

IV. Technologies

   a. Gas turbines - fueled by clean natural gas
   b. Reciprocating engines
   c. Microturbines
   d. Hydrogen fuel cells
   e. Solar
   f.  Geothermal

V. Risks and Rewards

   a. The City and community benefits through lower costs of energy
   b. Increased power reliability
   c. Natural gas prices - lock in contract to control future costs
   d. Maintenance costs - can be controlled and guaranteed through maintenance

VI. Selecting the Best Course of Action... How Do We Move Forward?

   a. Supply us with past 12 months energy costs for municipal buildings to provide
       initial analysis and economic feasibility
   b. Maps of facilities
   c. City simply flips the switch and EGS will take care of everything else.
   d. EGS provides the city with flexibility, options and attractive alternatives

         * From the Department of Energy website with permission