Public Utility District
Dispersed Generation Power Plants
for Cities, Municipalities and Government
can help your city or community create a Municipal
Utility District or Public
Utility District that may then qualify for our very competitively
priced energy and electricity rates. Now is the
time for cities, municipal and governmental clients to consider having our
company install one of our renewable power and energy systems that will
generate "clean" power and energy, lower costs, and avoid the coming electricity shortages and
grid congestion problems!
more about dispersed
generation power plants for cities and industrial customers that will
help avoid the coming electricity shortages and
grid congestion problems!
Cleaner, Greener Power & Energy Solutions
development services are one of our many specialties. These projects are
Kyoto Protocol compliant and generate clean energy and significantly fewer
greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most companies, we are equipment
supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help our clients select the best
equipment for their specific application. This approach provides our
customers with superior performance, decreased operating expenses and
increased return on investment.
Energy Technologies provides
project development services that generate clean energy and significantly
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
carbon dioxide emissions.
Included in this are our
products and services which includes renewable
energy technologies, waste to energy,
waste to watts and waste
heat recovery solutions. Other project development
technologies include; Anaerobic Digester,
Anaerobic Lagoon, Biogas
Recovery, BioMethane, Biomass
Gasification, and Landfill Gas To
Energy, project development services.
services provided by Renewable Energy Technologies includes the following power
and energy project development services:
Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
Procurement and Construction
Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt
Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
Party Ownership and Project Development
Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission Reduction
Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
more information: call us at: 832-758-0027
are Renewable Energy
Technologies specialists and develop clean power and energy projects
that will generate a "Renewable
Energy Credit," Carbon Dioxide
Credits and Emission
Reduction Credits. Some of our products and services solutions and
technologies include; Absorption Chillers,
Adsorption Chillers, Automated
Demand Response, Biodiesel Refineries,
Biofuel Refineries, Biomass
Gasification, BioMethane, Canola
Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration,
Concentrating Solar Power, Demand
Response Programs, Demand Side
Conservation Measures, Energy
Master Planning, Engine Driven
Chillers, Geothermal Heatpumps, Groundsource
Heatpumps, Solar CHP, Solar
Cogeneration, Rapeseed Biodiesel, Solar
Electric Heat Pumps, Solar
Electric Power Systems, Solar
Heating and Cooling, Solar
Trigeneration, Soy Biodiesel, Trigeneration,
and Watersource Heatpumps.
Districts and Public Utility Districts
As electric utilities
continue to raise electric rates on their ratepayers/customers - citizens, cities,
and municipalities are asking companies such as ours to assist them in building their own power generation plants and
distributing the electricity to themselves. For most cities and
municipalities, the creation of a Municipal Utility District (MUD) or a
Public Utility District (PUD) will quickly enable a city or municipality
to send the "dis-connect" notice to their respective electric
A Municipal Utility District (MUD),
and a Public Utility District (PUD) are very similar in that they are both
like a school district, and are governmental entities, which are created under State law.
Each state has its' own laws regarding MUD or PUD creation, and the
requirements vary from state to state. MUD's and PUD's may also supply water and
wastewater treatment systems.
As a public entity, a
MUD or PUD can exercise certain governmental powers, including the levy and collection of property taxes,
charging for authorized services, the issuance of bonds for water, sewer,
wastewater and electrical power facilities, and the adoption and enforcement of rules and regulations as
appropriate to accomplish the purposes for which the district was created.
A MUD or PUD may also be a customer-owned utility, committed to providing electricity on a cost of service basis as a customer service -- not to make a profit for
stockholders or shareholders of Independently-Owned-Utilities, which have
a responsibility to make a profit, and then share those profits to their
shareholders, via dividends. This only occurs after they pay their
enormous overhead costs and along with overly-generous, and even
outrageous salaries to their top management - whose responsibilities are
to generate as much of a profit for their shareholders, at the expense of
their customers, or ratepayers, that are paying these increasingly greater
MUD's and PUD's are typically governed by a Board of Commissioners. The board sets
MUD/PUD policy, employs the General Manager and guides the district's
operations. Members serve a term from 2-4 year terms, and normally elected
by voters in that district. The General Manager is directly responsible to the Board of Commissioners. In carrying out the policies of the Board of Commissioners and in conducting the business operations of the
district, the General Manager is supported by a trained staff, which includes approximately 45 employees.
Purpose of the Electric Power Generation, Transmission and Distribution
The chief purpose of electric power MUD's or PUD's is to generate, transmit and distribute electrical
power for the citizens and ratepayers of that specific district. The
district owns and operates an electric distribution system serving its'
on California Municipal Utility Districts (MUD)
cities are increasingly turning towards “Municipal Utility Districts”
(MUD) as a way to lower utility costs and increase energy efficiencies.
A MUD is an independent agency – or a public power agency -- that
provides for one or more essential public services, such as electricity,
to residents and businesses.
MUD’s and public power agencies can rely more on renewable
sources of energy than investor-owned utilities.
If a community is environmentally aware, MUD’s will explore
alternative energies such as cogeneration and trigeneration.
As public-owned agencies, MUD’s must comply with state
open-meetings and public-records laws. Public power systems are governed
democratically at the local level. Most
-- especially the smaller ones -- are governed by a city council, while
others are governed by an independently elected board.
Control stays in the hands of the community.
MUD’s charge less than private enterprise.
On a national average, private power company residential customers
pay about 18% more for electricity than public power customers.
Public power utilities, on average, return to state and local
governments in-lieu-of tax payments and other contributions that are
equivalent to state and local taxes paid by private power companies.
To establish a MUD, a community must strictly follow California
regulations. A guideline to
next steps is set forth on the following page.
Our company, EcoGeneration Solutions LLC, provides the leadership
and attorneys who help cities design and implement a turnkey, state-of-the
How We Help Establish a California
1. Commission a feasibility study to:
* Evaluate City’s needs and design a system which is better, more efficient and
the existing electric utility company.
* Analyze the steps needed to acquire, contract, own, and operate a facility
pursuant to the 1921 California MUD Act.
* Determine whether the public entity should be a Municipal Utility District
(MUD) or a Municipal Utility (the latter can be created exclusively by an
action of the City Council or County Board of Supervisors).
2. Assuming City opts for a MUD, draft a qualifying petition seeking the creation
of a MUD in accordance with State MUD Act (Secs. 11581-11614).
3. Coordinate governmental agencies, including the Board of Supervisors, the
Office of the Clerk of the Board, the Department of Elections, the Office of the
4. Obtain enough signatures to equal 10 percent of the total votes that were cast
in the last general election to enable placement of a ballot measure for the
creation of a utility district.
5. Sponsor election and elect Board of Directors.
6. Create “wards” of equal apportionment in City; districts in excess of one million
people as of January 1, 1974 can increase number of wards to
7. Assist the Board of Directors and a newly appointed General Manager to
handle operations; handle all approvals.
8. Determine the benefits of incur indebtedness, issuing bonds and investing
9. Implement all aspects of conversion and installation of new
VI. Selecting the Best Course of Action... How Do We Move Forward?
I. Concept of Distributed Generation and future of power generation - mainframes of yesterday, laptops
a. Problems with central power plants
b. Future power constraints
c. Transmission & Distribution constraints
II. Onsite power generation - electricity only or total energy solution
a. Cogeneration - recovery of waste heat to make thermal energy (steam
b. Trigeneration - recovery of waste heat to make thermal energy including
chilled water for air-conditioning
c. Overall system efficiencies increased through:
i. elimination of transmission line losses
ii. valuable thermal energy is recovered
iii. enormous amount of pollution is eliminated
III. Methods for implementation
a. Parallel with utility company - keep utility, stay connected
b. Island mode - utility is no longer providing any power - total
c. Problems - standby charges and fees, no more utility company but system
to be larger for redundancy
a. Gas turbines - fueled by clean natural gas
b. Reciprocating engines
d. Hydrogen fuel cells
V. Risks and Rewards
a. The City and community benefits through lower costs of energy
b. Increased power reliability
c. Natural gas prices - lock in contract to control future costs
d. Maintenance costs - can be controlled and guaranteed through maintenance
a. Supply us with past 12 months energy costs for municipal buildings to
initial analysis and economic feasibility
b. Maps of facilities
c. City simply flips the switch and EGS will take care of everything else.
d. EGS provides the city with flexibility, options and attractive
* From the Department of Energy
website with permission