provide cogeneration and trigeneration power plant development services,
which include "Qualifying Facility" application and permitting
Cleaner, Greener Power & Energy Solutions™ project
development services are one of our specialties. These projects are Kyoto
Protocol compliant and generate clean energy and significantly fewer
greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most companies, we are equipment
supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help our clients select the best
equipment for their specific application. This approach provides our
customers with superior performance, decreased operating expenses and
increased return on investment.
Technologies, located in Houston, Texas, provides
project development services that generate clean energy and significantly
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
carbon dioxide emissions.
Included in this are our
products and services which includes renewable
energy technologies, waste to energy,
waste to watts™ and waste
heat recovery solutions. Other project development
technologies include; Anaerobic Digester,
Anaerobic Lagoon, Biogas
Recovery, BioMethane, Biomass
Gasification, and Landfill Gas To
Energy, project development services.
services provided by Cogeneration Technologies includes the following
power and energy project development services:
Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
Procurement and Construction
Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt
Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
Party Ownership and Project Development
Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission
Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
more information: call us at: 832-758-0027
are Renewable Energy
Technologies specialists and develop clean power and energy projects
that will generate a "Renewable
Energy Credit," Carbon
Dioxide Credits and Emission
Reduction Credits. Some of our products and services solutions
and technologies include; Absorption
Chillers, Adsorption Chillers, Automated
Demand Response, Biodiesel
Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass
Gasification, BioMethane, Canola
Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration,
Concentrating Solar Power, Demand
Response Programs, Demand Side
Conservation Measures, Energy
Master Planning, Engine Driven
Chillers, Geothermal Heatpumps,
Groundsource Heatpumps, Solar
CHP, Solar Cogeneration, Rapeseed
Biodiesel, Solar Electric Heat
Pumps, Solar Electric Power
Systems, Solar Heating and
Cooling, Solar Trigeneration, Soy
Biodiesel, Trigeneration, and Watersource
What is a Qualifying Facility?
A generating facility that produces electricity and another form of useful thermal energy (such as heat or steam) used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes. To receive status as a qualifying facility
("QF") under the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act (PURPA), the facility must produce electric energy and "another form of useful thermal energy through the sequential use of energy," and meet certain ownership, operating, and efficiency criteria established by the Commission.
Qualifying Facility (QF) - A cogeneration facility or a small power production facility which:
a. is a qualifying facility under the PURPA and the FERC's Regulations;
b. is permitted to sell electric energy and capacity to the host utility at the
host utility's avoided cost rate;
c. is not owned by an entity primarily engaged in the generation or sale of
electric power; and
d. in the case of cogeneration facilities, and small power production facilities
under 30 megawatts in size (80 megawatts for geothermal facilities), is
largely exempt from the provisions of the Federal Power Act and the Public
Utility Holding Company Act.
Qualifying Small Power Production Facility - A qualifying facility whose:
a. capacity does not exceed 80 megawatts;
b. primary energy source must be biomass, waste, renewable resources
(including hydro), or geothermal resources.
How to Obtain Qualifying Status for Your Facility
There are two ways for an owner or operator of a QF to obtain qualifying status:
* Self-Certification; and
* Commission Certification.
The choice of whether to certify your facility through a notice of self-certification or whether to apply for Commission certification is up to you. In some instances, negotiations with a lender or utility purchaser may proceed more smoothly if the QF has been certified by the Commission.
Application for Self-Certification
An application for self-certification must include:
a. a notice of self-certification; and
b. an original and 14 copies of a completed FERC Form No. 556.
There is no fee for the filing of a notice of self-certification.
The notice typically takes the form of a cover letter to the Secretary of the Commission, stating that the filing is a notice of self-certification of a qualifying facility, which also includes an original and fourteen copies of Form 556.
When you file an application with the Commission, you must at the same time provide a copy of the notice and completed Form 556 to the utilities the QF will transact with, as well as to the state regulatory commissions of the states in which those utilities and the QF operate.
Within 10 business days, the Commission will send to you a copy of the notice of self-certification with an assigned QF docket number. Keep this number for future reference. You will receive no other document from the Commission. If you have not received your copy within ten business days, email the QF Contact Person.
Application for Commission Certification
An application for Commission certification must include:
a. A draft form of notice suitable for publication in the Federal Register;
b. a copy of the same notice in electronic format on a 3 1/2" diskette;
c. an original and 14 copies of a completed FERC Form No. 556; and
d. a check for the filing fee made payable to the Treasurer of the United States.
See Updated Fee Schedule, for the most current filing fee. A filing date will not be assigned to an application unless it is accompanied by the proper fee.
You should also provide a cover letter with your application for Commission certification that references the enclosures (notice, Form 556, and filing fee). If there is an existing docket number for your project, you should clearly identify the docket number on your cover letter. The Commission staff will assign a docket number for your application if your project has not previously been assigned a docket number.
Within 90 days of the filing of the application, the Commission will either inform the applicant that the filing is deficient; issue an order granting or denying the application; or act to postpone the date for issuing an order. Under 18 C.F.R., 292.207(b)(3), if the Commission has not acted upon the application within 90 days of the filing date, it shall be deemed granted.
How to File Your Application
Any QF application filed with the Commission should be signed and, along with 14 copies, sent to:
Office of the Secretary
Federal Energy Regulatory Commission
888 First Street, N.E.,
Washington, D. C. 20426
How to Report Changes to Your Certified Facility
The Commission permits certain changes to a certified facility without requiring a new application for certification to be filed. See 18 C.F.R. 292.207(a)(2) for a list of alterations or modifications which are not considered substantial.
If the Commission has previously issued an order certifying your facility, you may report specified changes to the facility by filing a notice of Pre-Authorized Recertification. You must also provide copies of your notice to the utilities with which the QF transacts business, as well to the state regulatory commissions of the states in which those utilities and the QF reside.
Application for Recertification
You may recertify the facility through a notice of self-recertification, regardless of whether the facility was self-certified or certified by the Commission.
If you are submitting a request for Commission recertification or a notice of self-recertification, you should also provide a completed Form No. 556 if one is not already on file from a prior submittal. Once a Form No. 556 is on file, you may refer to it in subsequent notices of self-recertification or requests for Commission recertification, and provide only the revised data items.
This form was enacted in Order No. 575, and took effect February 24, 1995.
18 CFR Part 131.80 FERC FORM 556 OMB No. 1902-0075
CERTIFICATION OF QUALIFYING FACILITY STATUS FOR AN EXISTING OR A PROPOSED SMALL POWER PRODUCTION OR COGENERATION FACILITY
(To be completed for the purpose of demonstrating up-to-date conformance with the qualification criteria of Section 292.203(a)(1) or Section 292.203(b) based on actual or planned operating experience)
PART A: General Information to Be Submitted by All Applicants PART B: Description of the Small Power Production Facility PART C: Description of the Cogeneration Facility
General instructions: Part A of the form should be completed by all small power producers or cogenerators. Part B applies to small power production facilities. Part C applies to cogeneration facilities. All references to sections are with regard to Part 292 of Title 18 of the Code of Federal Regulations, unless otherwise indicated.
PART A: GENERAL INFORMATION TO BE SUBMITTED BY ALL APPLICANTS
1a. Full name of applicant:
Docket Number assigned to the immediately preceding submittal filed with the Commission in connection with the instant facility, if any: QF - -
Purpose of instant filing (self-certification or self-recertification [Section 292.207(a)(1)], or application for Commission certification or recertification [Sections 292.207(b) and (d)(2)]):
1b. Full address of applicant:
1c. Indicate the owner(s) of the facility (including the percentage of ownership held by any electric utility or electric utility holding company, or by any persons owned by either) and the operator of the facility. Note that any combination of direct and/or indirect electric utility or electric utility holding company ownership cannot exceed 50 percent of the total ownership [Sections 292.206 and 292.202(n)]. For non-electric utility owners, identify the upstream owners, including owners holding 10 percent or more of the equity interest of such non-electric utility owners. Additionally, state whether or not any of the non-electric utility owners or their upstream owners are engaged in the generation or sale of electric power, or have any ownership or operating interest in any electric facilities other than qualifying facilities. In order to facilitate review of the application, the applicant may also provide an ownership chart identifying the upstream ownership of the facility. Such chart should indicate ownership percentages where appropriate.
1d. Signature of authorized individual evidencing accuracy and authenticity of information provided by applicant:
2. Person to whom communications regarding the filed information may be addressed:
Name: Title: Telephone number: Mailing address:
3a. Location of facility to be certified:
State: County: City or town: Street address (if known):
3b. Indicate the electric utilities that are contemplated to transact with the qualifying facility (if known) and describe the services those electric utilities are expected to provide:
utilities interconnecting with the facility and/or providing wheeling service [Section 292.303(c) and (d)]:
utilities purchasing the useful electric power output [Sections 292.101(b)(2), 292.202(g) and 292.303(a)]:
utilities providing supplementary power, backup power, maintenance power, and/or interruptible power service [Sections 292.101(b) (3) and (8), 292.303(b) and 292.305(b)]:
4a. Describe the principal components of the facility including boilers, prime movers and electric generators, and explain their operation. Include transmission lines, transformers and switchyard equipment, if included as part of the facility.
4b. Indicate the maximum gross and maximum net electric power production capacity of the facility at the point(s) of delivery and show the derivation.
4c. Indicate the actual or expected installation and operation dates of the facility, or the actual or expected date of completion of the reported modification to the facility:
4d. Describe the primary energy input (e.g., hydro, coal, oil [Section 292.202(l)], natural gas [Section 292.202(k)], solar, geothermal, wind, waste, biomass [Section 292.202(a)], or other). For a waste energy input that does not fall within one of the categories on the Commission's list of previously approved wastes, demonstrate that such energy input has little or no current commercial value and that it exists in the absence of the qualifying facility industry [Section 292.202(b)].
5. Provide the average annual hourly energy input in terms of Btu for the following fossil fuel energy inputs, and provide the related percentage of the total average annual hourly energy input to the facility [Section 292.202(j)]. For any oil or natural gas fuel, use lower heating value [Section 292.202(m)]:
Natural gas: Oil: Coal (applicable only to a small power production facility):
6. Discuss any particular characteristic of the facility which the cogenerator or small power producer believes might bear on its qualifying status.
PART B: DESCRIPTION OF THE SMALL POWER PRODUCTION FACILITY
7. Describe how fossil fuel use will not exceed 25 percent of the total annual energy input limit [Sections 292.202(j) and 292.204(b)]. Also, describe how the use of fossil fuel will be limited to the following purposes to conform to Federal Power Act Section 3(17)(B): ignition, start-up, testing, flame stabilization, control use, and minimal amounts of fuel required to alleviate or prevent unanticipated equipment outages and emergencies directly affecting the public.
8. If the facility reported herein is not an eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility, and if any other non-eligible facility located within one mile of the instant facility is owned by any of the entities (or their affiliates) reported in Part A at item 1c. above and uses the same primary energy input, provide the following information about the other facility for the purpose of demonstrating that the total of the power production capacities of these facilities does not exceed 80 MW [Section 292.204(a)]:
Facility name, if any (as reported to the Commission):
Commission Docket Number: QF - -
Name of common owner:
Common primary energy source used as energy input:
Power production capacity (MW):
An eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility, as defined in Section 3(17)(E) of the Federal Power Act, is a small power production facility that produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy input, of solar, wind, waste or geothermal resources, for which either an application for Commission certification of qualifying status [Section 292.207(b)] or a notice of self-certification of qualifying status [Section 292.207(a)] was submitted to the Commission not later than December 31, 1994, and for which construction of such facility commences not later than December 31, 1999, or if not, reasonable diligence is exercised toward the completion of such facility, taking into account all factors relevant to construction of the facility.
PART C: DESCRIPTION OF THE COGENERATION FACILITY
9. Describe the cogeneration system [Sections 292.202(c) and 292.203(b)], and state whether the facility is a topping-cycle [Section 292.202(d)] or bottoming-cycle [Section 292.202(e)] cogeneration facility.
10. To demonstrate the sequentiality of the cogeneration process [Section 292.202(s)] and to support compliance with other requirements such as the operating and efficiency standards (item 11 below), provide a mass and heat balance (cycle) diagram depicting average annual hourly operating conditions. Also, provide:
Using lower heating value [Section 292.202(m)], all fuel flow inputs in Btu/hr., separately indicating fossil fuel inputs for any supplementary firing in Btu/hr. [Section 292.202(f)]:
Average net electric output (kW or MW) [Section 292.202(g)];
Average net mechanical output in horsepower [Section 292.202(g)];
Number of hours of operation used to determine the average annual hourly facility inputs and outputs; and
Working fluid (e.g., steam) flow conditions at input and output of prime mover(s) and at delivery to and return from each useful thermal application:
Flow rates (lbs./hr.):
11. Compute the operating value [applicable to a topping-cycle facility under Section 292.205(a)(1)] and the efficiency value [Sections 292.205(a)(2) and Section 292.205(b)], based on the information provided in and corresponding to item 10, as follows:
Pt = Average annual hourly useful thermal energy output Pe = Average annual hourly electrical output Pm = Average annual hourly mechanical output Pi = Average annual hourly energy input (natural gas or oil) Ps = Average annual hourly energy input for supplementary firing (natural gas or oil)
Operating standard = 5% or more
Operating value = Pt / ( Pt + Pe + Pm )
Efficiency standard applicable to natural gas and oil fuel used in a topping-cycle facility:
= 45% or more when operating value is less than 15%, or 42.5% or more when operating value is equal to or greater than 15%.
Efficiency value = ( Pe + Pm + 0.5Pt ) / (Pi + Ps)
Efficiency standard applicable to natural gas and oil fuel used for supplementary firing component of a bottoming-cycle facility:
= 45% or more
Efficiency value = ( Pe + Pm ) / Ps
FOR TOPPING-CYCLE COGENERATION FACILITIES
12. Identify the entity (i.e., thermal host) which will purchase the useful thermal energy output from the facility [Section 292.202(h)]. Indicate whether the entity uses such output for the purpose of space and water heating, space cooling, and/or process use.
13. In connection with the requirement that the thermal energy output be useful [Section 292.202(h)]:
For process uses by commercial or industrial host(s), describe each process (or group of similar processes using the same quality of steam) and provide the average annual hourly thermal energy made available to the process, less process return. For a complex system, where the primary steam header at the host-side is divided into various sub-uses, each having different pressure and temperature characteristics, describe the processes associated with each sub-use and provide the average annual hourly thermal energy delivered to each sub-use, less process return from such sub-use. Provide a diagram showing the main steam header and the sub-uses with other relevant information such as the average header pressure (psia), the temperature (deg.F), the enthalpy (Btu/lb.), and the flow (lb./hr.), both in and out of each sub-use. For space and water heating, describe the type of heating involved (e.g., office space heating, domestic water heating) and provide the average annual hourly thermal energy delivered and used for such purpose. For space cooling, describe the type of cooling involved (e.g., office space cooling) and provide the average annual hourly thermal energy used by the chiller.
FOR BOTTOMING-CYCLE FACILITIES
14. Provide a description of the commercial or industrial process or other thermal application to which the energy input to the system is first applied and from which the reject heat is then used for electric power production.
Title 16 U.S. Code 796 (Sections 3(17) and 3(18) of the Federal Power Act, as Amended by the Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978)
The words defined in this section shall have the following meanings for purposes of this Act [16 USCS 791a et seq.], to wit:
[Material unrelated to Qualifying Facilities omitted]
17) A) "small power production facility" means a facility which is an eligible solar, wind, waste, or geothermal facility, or a facility which--
i) produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy source, of biomass, waste, renewable resources, geothermal resources or any combination thereof; and
ii) has a power production capacity which, together with any other facilities located at the same site (as determined by the Commission), is not greater than 80 megawatts;
B) "primary energy source" means the fuel or fuels used for the generation of electric energy, except that such term does not include, as determined under rules prescribed by the Commission, in consultation with the Secretary of Energy--
i) the minimum amounts of fuel required for ignition, startup, testing, flame stabilization, and control uses, and
ii) the minimum amounts of fuel required to alleviate or prevent--
I) unanticipated equipment outages, and
II) emergencies, directly affecting the public health, safety, or welfare, which would result from electric power outages;
C) "qualifying small power production facility" means a small power production facility--
i) which the Commission determines, by rule, meets such requirements (including requirements respecting fuel use, fuel efficiency, and reliability) as the Commission may, by rule, prescribe; and
ii) which is owned by a person not primarily engaged in the generation or sale of electric power (other than electric power solely from cogeneration facilities or small power production facilities);
D) "qualifying small power producer" means the owner or operator of a qualifying small power production facility;
E) "eligible solar, wind, waste or geothermal facility" means a facility which produces electric energy solely by the use, as a primary energy source, of solar energy, wind energy, waste resources or geothermal resources; but only if--
i) either of the following is submitted to the Commission not later than December 31, 1994:
I) an application for certification of the facility as a qualifying small power production facility; or
II) notice that the facility meets the requirements for qualification; and
ii) construction of such facility commences not later than December 31, 1999, or, if not, reasonable diligence is exercised toward the completion of such facility taking into account all factors relevant to construction of the facility.
18) A) "cogeneration facility" means a facility which produces--
i) electric energy, and
ii) steam or forms of useful energy (such as heat) which are used for industrial, commercial, heating, or cooling purposes;
B) "qualifying cogeneration facility" means a cogeneration facility which--
i) the Commission determines, by rule, meets such requirements (including requirements respecting minimum size, fuel use, and fuel efficiency) as the Commission may, by rule, prescribe; and
ii) is owned by a person not primarily engaged in the generation or sale of electric power (other than electric power solely from cogeneration facilities or small power production facilities);
C) "qualifying cogenerator" means the owner or operator of a qualifying cogeneration facility;
* From the Department of Energy
website with permission