SITE FOR OUR NEXT BIODIESEL PLANT HAS BEEN
LOCATION: HOUSTON SHIP CHANNEL AREA.
YEAR 1 PRODUCTION OF B100 BIODIESEL:
34 MILLION GALLONS/YEAR
YEAR 2 PRODUCTION OF B100 BIODIESEL:
100 MILLION GALLONS/YEAR
TIME TO COMPLETE NEW BIODIESEL PLANT (CONVERSION OF EXISTING FACILITY):
BIODIESEL PLANT WILL RUN
B100 BIODIESEL WE WILL PRODUCE IS
Biofuels are "biorenewable
energy" resources that replace non-renewable fossil fuels (crude
oil, gasoline, propane, natural gas, etc.). Since the carbon found
in biofuels are found in plants and therefore "grown" through
photosynthesis of plants, there are no net carbon emissions when biofuels
are burned or combusted. This means that when biofuels replace
non-renewable fossil fuels, greenhouse gas emissions, and carbon dioxide
emissions are reduced. Biofuels include Biomethane,
B100 Biodiesel, and E100
Ethanol. For example, Biomethane
is the "natural" gas that is produced from the anaerobic
decomposition of organic material in a landfill. While Biomethane normally
contain about half the btu content of typical natural gas sold by gas
companies, Biomethane is a substitute form and completely replaces natural
gas. Likewise, B100
Biodiesel is a substitute and completely replaces petroleum
diesel on a gallon for gallon basis as does E100
Ethanol, which replaces gasoline on a gallon for gallon basis.
are Biofuel Feedstocks?
feedstocks are the organic materials used in the production of biofuels
such as: Biomethane, B100
Biodiesel and E100 Ethanol.
(also known as "Renewable Natural
Gas") generates the highest net energy balance of
all biofuels which means that it's much more efficient and economic to
produce Biomethane with ANY of the potential
biofuel feedstocks that may have been otherwise used to produce B100
Biodiesel or E100 Ethanol.
most efficient method of generating Biomethane
is through a process called Biomass
of biofuel feedstocks include:
Biomethane: any organic
materials - i.e. grass, leaves, corn, sugar beets, sugar cane, crude
canola oil, crude coconut oil, crude
jatropha oil, crude palm oil, crude
rapeseed oil, which are those typical biofuel feedstocks used to
produce B100 Biodiesel or E100
develops, builds, owns, operates, acquires and invests in facilities that produce Biomethane,
B100 Biodiesel, and E100
Ethanol. We buy, sell, and
broker other biofuels and commodities/feedstocks used in making B100
Biodiesel and E100 Ethanol. These feedstocks include Crude Palm Oil,
Refined Palm Oil, Coconuts, Palm Oil, and we are also looking into the use
of Jatropha and
other biorenewable energy oils, where we refine it into
fuel for use in our
cogeneration and trigeneration power plants. Additionally, we
buy/sell/broker energy oils in the international markets.
Industries is a subsidiary of Renewable Energy Technologies now
re-locating from Houston to Austin, Texas. We provide the following power and energy project
Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
Procurement and Construction
Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt
Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
Party Ownership and Project Development
Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission
Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
provide Net Energy Metering project development services as well as
"turnkey" products and services in the areas of "Renewable
Energy Technologies" and in developing clean power/energy
projects that will generate a "Renewable
Energy Credit," Carbon
Dioxide Credits and Emission
Reduction Credits. Through our strategic partners, we offer
"turnkey" power/energy project development products and services
that may include; Absorption Chillers,
Adsorption Chillers, Automated
Demand Response, Biodiesel
Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass
Gasification, BioMethane, Canola
Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration,
Concentrating Solar Power, Demand
Response Programs, Demand Side
Conservation Measures, Energy
Master Planning, Engine Driven
Chillers, Solar CHP, Solar
Cogeneration, Rapeseed Biodiesel,
Solar Electric Heat Pumps, Solar
Electric Power Systems, Solar
Heating and Cooling, Solar
Trigeneration, Soy Biodiesel, and Trigeneration.
most companies, we are equipment supplier/vendor neutral. This means we
help our clients select the best equipment for their specific application.
This approach provides our customers with superior performance, decreased
operating expenses and increased return on investment.
For more information: call us at: 832-758-0027
We plan to be a leading supplier of Biodiesel and turnkey Biodiesel Refineries.
For qualified clients, we provide "turnkey" biodiesel refinery
EPC (Engineering, Procurement, Construction), Investment/Funding,
Permitting, Carbon Dioxide Credits
and Emission Reduction Credits under the
Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development Mechanism. For more information,
call 832 - 758 - 0027
buy and sell Biodiesel and have plans to start producing and blending our
own, "home-grown, clean, renewable, and American made" B100
Biodiesel, to help end our reliance on unstable, non-renewable, and
"dirty" middle-east oil that pollutes our environment and causes
inflated energy prices.
Biodiesel (see www.B100Biodiesel.com)
has numerous advantages to petroleum diesel - it's renewable, non-toxic,
biodegradable, and produced by American and Canadian farmers. B100
Biodiesel is 100 % biodiesel fuel, and reduces greenhouse gas emissions by
78.3%, particulate matter by 55.4%, hydrocarbons by 56.3%, mutagenicity by
80-90% and sulfur by 100%.
company invests in and builds new Biodiesel Refineries throughout the
U.S., Canada, Central America and the Caribbean for our company and our
investors. For individual farmers, we can design, engineer and build
small-scale biodiesel refineries; i.e. 5,000 acres of canola will produce
about 500,000 gallons of Biodiesel. We are a broker and importer of
Crude Palm Oil and other energy oils, where we refine it into Biodiesel
fuel for use in our cogeneration and trigeneration power plants.
we buy/sell/broker biofuels, including biodiesel which we can also blend
through our partner companies' facilities anywhere from a B2 to B99
Biodiesel blend. We buy/sell/broker ethanol and energy oils in the
Own "Green" BioDiesel
Increase Profits for Farmers,
Improve the Local and Global Economy and Ecology, Decrease Pollution and End the Monopoly of OPEC/Foreign Supplies of
At an average production rate of 130
gallons per acre, Canola or Rapeseed Oil ("BioDiesel") is one of
the preferred energy crops in the U.S. and Europe.
What is Rapeseed Biodiesel?
Rapeseed, some varieties of which are used to make mustard and others to make canola oil, is the preferred biodiesel feedstock in Europe.
Depending on the variety, rapeseed oil contains about 40 to 50 percent of
its weight in rapeseed is oil, as compared with only 20 percent for soybeans. It can be planted and harvested with the
same equipment used for small grains. In addition, rapeseed oil offers certain advantages in the production of biodiesel.
Biodiesel produced from canola and rapeseed oil is superior to soy biodiesel.
Especially due to the widely varying price fluctuations of soybeans. And
because the feedstock (the oil produced from the fuel crop, such as
soybeans, rapeseed or canola) to make biodiesel makes up about 80% of the
100 % biodiesel, basic economics dictate that the feedstock be obtained
from the least-cost source, which is going to be either canola or
What is Canola Biodiesel?
Canola biodiesel is an environmentally- friendly, renewable energy source that could also produce cost savings for taxpayers and private
businesses and is produced from farmers that grow canola.
Initial research conducted by the University of Saskatchewan and the AAFC Saskatoon Research Centre has found that each ton of renewable biodiesel fuel saves five times its weight in diesel fuel. As well, engines using biodiesel demonstrate wear rates as much as 50% lower than those using regular commercial fuels – effectively doubling engine life.
Canola is a member of the Brassica Family, which includes broccoli, cabbage,
cauliflower, mustard, radish, and turnip. It is a variant of the crop rapeseed. Grown for its seed, the seed
is crushed for the oil contained within. After the oil is extracted, the by-product is a protein-richmeal used by the intensive livestock industry.
Canola is a very small seed, which means sowing depth must be controlled.
The current sowing practice is to cover the seed lightly with soil, which
provides more protection from drying out after germination.
Canola is generally sown in autumn and develops over winter, with flowers
emerging in the spring and is harvested early summer. With a growing
period of around 180-200 days climatic effects such as sudden heat waves can reduce yields and hot dry conditions can
limit its oil content. Summer weather ensures low moisture (less than 6%) at harvest. Carry-in
stocks of canola are minimal because of a lack of on-farm storage. Canola is a good rotational crop, acting as a break crop for cereal root diseases. However
for disease-related reasons, a rotation period of 3-5 years is required for canola crops.
of iodine in grams absorbed per 100 ml of oil is then the IV. The higher the IV, the
more unsaturated (the greater the number of double bonds available) is the oil and the higher
the potential to ‘gum up’ when used as a fuel in an engine. Though some oils have a low IV and are suitable without any further processing other
than extraction and filtering, the majority of vegetable and animal oils have an IV which does
not permit their use as a neat fuel.
Generally speaking, an IV of less than about 25 is required if the neat oil is to be used
in unmodified diesel engines and this severely limited the types of oil that can be used.
The IV can be easily reduced by hydrogenation of the oil (reacting the oil with hydrogen),
the hydrogen breaking the double bond and converting the fat or oil into a more saturated oil
and reducing the tendency of the oil to polymerise. However this process also tends to increase
the melting point of the oil and converts the oil into margarine. Only coconut oil has an IV low enough to be used without
any special precautions in a unmodified diesel engine. However with a melting point of 25°C,
the use of coconut oil in cooler areas would obviously lead to problems.
Linseed oil could be mixed with petroleum diesel at a
ratio of up to 1:8 to give an equivalent IV in the mid-twenties. Likewise coconut oil can be thinned with diesel or kerosene to render it less viscous in cooler climates. Obviously
the solubility of the oil in petroleum also needs to be taken into account. Another method is
to emulsify the oil or fat with ethanol. Most vegetable oils are a mixture of different esters such as oleic acid (main constituent
of olive oil), ricinoleic acid (main constituent of castor oil), linoleic acid
(main constituents of linseed oil), palmitic acid (main constituent of palm kernel oil) and so on.
In an analogous way to that in which crude oil is refined to make a useable automotive
fuel, canola oil needs to be transesterified to make an automotive fuel that is useable in
unmodified diesel engines.
When the oil is processed in a transesterfication process, the various fatty
acids react with the alcohol to form a mixture of lighter esters and glycerol. The name of
the specific fuel is called after the plant (or animal) source plus the alcohol. Made from
rapeseed oil and methanol, the biodiesel is called Rape Methyl Ester (RME), from canola oil
and ethanol, Canola Ethyl Ester (CEE), and from used McDonald’s cooking oil and ethanol
or methanol, ("McDiesel").
What is "Global
Global Warming Potential (GWP) is the index used to translate the level of emissions of various gases into a common measure in order to compare the relative radiative forcing of
different gases without directly calculating the changes in atmospheric concentrations.
GWPs are calculated as the ratio of the radiative forcing
that would result from the emissions of one kilogram of a greenhouse gas to that from emission of one kilogram of carbon dioxide over a period of
time (usually 100 years). Gases involved in complex atmospheric chemical processes have not been assigned GWPs due to complications that arise.
Greenhouse gases are expressed in terms of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has presented these GWPs
and regularly updates them in new assessments. The instantaneous radiative forcing that results from the addition of 1 kilogram of a gas to the
atmosphere, relative to that of 1 kilogram of carbon dioxide.
Over a time horizon of 100 years, methane has a GWP of 24.5, nitrous oxide has a GWP
of 320, and CFC-11 has a GWP of 4,000
What Are Greenhouse Gases?
Some greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, while others result from human activities. Naturally
occurring greenhouse gases include water vapor,
carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Certain human activities, however, add to the levels of most of these naturally occurring gases:
Carbon dioxide is released to the atmosphere when solid waste, fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal), and wood and wood products are burned.
Methane is emitted during the production and transport of coal, natural gas, and oil. Methane emissions also result from the decomposition of organic wastes in municipal solid waste landfills, and the raising of livestock. More information on methane.
Nitrous oxide is emitted during agricultural and industrial activities, as well as during combustion of solid waste and fossil fuels.
Very powerful greenhouse gases that are not naturally occurring include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which are generated in a variety of industrial processes.
Global Warming Potentials and Atmospheric
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Nitrous oxide (N2O)
For more information call: 832 - 758 - 0027
a 100 year time horizon
b The methane GWP includes the direct effects and those
indirect effects due to the production of tropospheric ozone and
stratospheric water vapor. The indirect effect due to the production of CO2
is not included.
We provide turnkey services that removes Nitrogen
Oxides, Nitrous Oxides and Sulfur Oxides. Unlike most
companies, we are equipment supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help
our clients select the best equipment for their specific application. This
approach provides our customers with superior performance, decreased
operating expenses and increased return on investment. Selective
Catalytic Reduction systems are frequently used in removing NOx.
What are Nitrogen Oxides?
Nitrogen oxides, or NOx, is the generic term for a group of highly reactive gases, all
of which contain nitrogen and oxygen in varying amounts. Many of the
nitrogen oxides are colorless and odorless. However, one common pollutant,
nitrogen dioxide (NO2) along with particles in the air can
often be seen as a reddish-brown layer over many urban areas.
Nitrogen oxides form when fuel is burned at high temperatures, as in a
combustion process. The primary sources of NOx are motor vehicles,
electric utilities, and other industrial, commercial, and residential
sources that burn fuels.
Reasons for Concern
one of the main ingredients involved in the formation of
ground-level ozone, which can trigger serious respiratory
reacts to form nitrate particles, acid aerosols, as well as
NO2, which also cause respiratory problems.
contributes to formation of acid rain.
contributes to nutrient overload that deteriorates water
contributes to atmospheric particles, that cause visibility
impairment most noticeable in national parks.
reacts to form toxic chemicals.
contributes to global warming.
NOx and the pollutants formed from NOx
can be transported over long distances, following the
pattern of prevailing winds in the U.S. This means that problems
associated with NOx are not confined to areas where NOx are
emitted. Therefore, controlling NOx is often most effective if
done from a regional perspective, rather than focusing on sources
in one local area.
NOx emissions are increasing.
Since 1970, EPA has tracked emissions of the six principal air
pollutants - carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, particulate
matter, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. Emissions
of all of these pollutants have decreased significantly except for
NOx which has increased approximately 10 percent over this period
How can Nitrogen Oxides be Removed from the
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is a proven and effective method to reduce nitrogen
oxides which is an air pollutant associated with the power generation
process. Nitrogen oxides are a contributor to ground level ozone.
How does Selective Catalytic Reduction work?
SCR Systems work similar to a catalytic converter used to reduce automobile emissions. Prior to exhaust gases going up the smokestack, they will pass through the SCR
System where anhydrous ammonia reacts with nitrogen oxide and converts it to nitrogen and water.
* Some of the above information from the Department
of Energy website with permission.