Our company builds new Biodiesel Refineries
throughout the U.S. We also are an importer of Crude Palm Oil and
other energy oils, where we refine it into Biodiesel fuel for use in our
cogeneration and trigeneration power plants. Additionally, we
buy/sell/broker energy oils in the international markets.
We also plan to be the international leader and supplier of Biodiesel Refineries.
For qualified clients, we provide "turnkey" biodiesel refinery
EPC (Engineering, Procurement,
Permitting, and Emission Reduction Credits under the
Kyoto Protocol's Clean Development
Cleaner, Greener Power & Energy Solutions project
development services are one of our many specialties. These projects are
Kyoto Protocol compliant and generate clean energy and significantly fewer
greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most companies, we are equipment
supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help our clients select the best
equipment for their specific application. This approach provides our
customers with superior performance, decreased operating expenses and
increased return on investment.
Energy Technologies provides
project development services that generate clean energy and significantly
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
carbon dioxide emissions.
Included in this are our
products and services which includes renewable
energy technologies, waste to energy,
waste to watts and waste
heat recovery solutions. Other project development
technologies include; Anaerobic Digester,
Anaerobic Lagoon, Biogas
Recovery, BioMethane, Biomass
Gasification, and Landfill Gas To
Energy, project development services.
services provided by Renewable Energy Technologies includes the following
power and energy project development services:
Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
Procurement and Construction
Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt
Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
Party Ownership and Project Development
Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission
Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
are Renewable Energy
Technologies specialists and develop clean power and energy projects
that will generate a "Renewable
Energy Credit," Carbon
Dioxide Credits and Emission
Reduction Credits. Some of our products and services solutions
and technologies include; Absorption
Chillers, Adsorption Chillers, Automated
Demand Response, Biodiesel
Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass
Gasification, BioMethane, Canola
Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration,
Concentrating Solar Power, Demand
Response Programs, Demand Side
Conservation Measures, Energy
Master Planning, Engine Driven
Chillers, Geothermal Heatpumps,
Groundsource Heatpumps, Solar
CHP, Solar Cogeneration, Rapeseed
Biodiesel, Solar Electric Heat
Pumps, Solar Electric Power
Systems, Solar Heating and
Cooling, Solar Trigeneration, Soy
Biodiesel, Trigeneration, and Watersource
For more information,
Own "Green" BioDiesel
Increase Profits for Farmers,
Improve the Local and Global Economy and Ecology, Decrease Pollution and End the Monopoly of OPEC/Foreign Supplies of
What is Rapeseed Biodiesel?
Rapeseed, some varieties of which are used to make mustard and others to make canola oil, is the preferred biodiesel feedstock in Europe.
Depending on the variety, rapeseed oil contains about 40 to 50 percent of
its weight in rapeseed is oil, as compared with only 20 percent for soybeans. It can be planted and harvested with the
same equipment used for small grains. In addition, rapeseed oil offers certain advantages in the production of biodiesel.
Biodiesel produced from canola and rapeseed oil is superior to soy
Especially due to the widely varying price fluctuations of soybeans. And
because the feedstock (the oil produced from the fuel crop, such as
soybeans, rapeseed or canola) to make biodiesel makes up about 80% of the
100 % biodiesel, basic economics dictate that the feedstock be obtained
from the least-cost source, which is going to be either canola or
What is Canola Biodiesel?
Canola biodiesel is an environmentally- friendly, renewable energy source that could also produce cost savings for taxpayers and private
businesses and is produced from farmers that grow canola.
Initial research conducted by the University of Saskatchewan and the AAFC Saskatoon Research Centre has found that each ton of renewable biodiesel fuel saves five times its weight in diesel fuel. As well, engines using biodiesel demonstrate wear rates as much as 50% lower than those using regular commercial fuels – effectively doubling engine life.
Canola is a member of the Brassica Family, which includes broccoli, cabbage,
cauliflower, mustard, radish, and turnip. It is a variant of the crop rapeseed. Grown for its seed, the seed
is crushed for the oil contained within. After the oil is extracted, the by-product is a protein-richmeal used by the intensive livestock industry.
Canola is a very small seed, which means sowing depth must be controlled.
The current sowing practice is to cover the seed lightly with soil, which
provides more protection from drying out after germination.
Canola is generally sown in autumn and develops over winter, with flowers
emerging in the spring and is harvested early summer. With a growing
period of around 180-200 days climatic effects such as sudden heat waves can reduce yields and hot dry conditions can
limit its oil content. Summer weather ensures low moisture (less than 6%) at harvest. Carry-in
stocks of canola are minimal because of a lack of on-farm storage. Canola is a good rotational crop, acting as a break crop for cereal root diseases. However
for disease-related reasons, a rotation period of 3-5 years is required for canola crops.
of iodine in grams absorbed per 100 ml of oil is then the IV. The higher the IV, the
more unsaturated (the greater the number of double bonds available) is the oil and the higher
the potential to ‘gum up’ when used as a fuel in an engine. Though some oils have a low IV and are suitable without any further processing other
than extraction and filtering, the majority of vegetable and animal oils have an IV which does
not permit their use as a neat fuel.
Generally speaking, an IV of less than about 25 is required if the neat oil is to be used
in unmodified diesel engines and this severely limited the types of oil that can be used.
The IV can be easily reduced by hydrogenation of the oil (reacting the oil with hydrogen),
the hydrogen breaking the double bond and converting the fat or oil into a more saturated oil
and reducing the tendency of the oil to polymerise. However this process also tends to increase
the melting point of the oil and converts the oil into margarine. Only coconut oil has an IV low enough to be used without
any special precautions in a unmodified diesel engine. However with a melting point of 25°C,
the use of coconut oil in cooler areas would obviously lead to problems.
Linseed oil could be mixed with petroleum diesel at a
ratio of up to 1:8 to give an equivalent IV in the mid-twenties. Likewise coconut oil can be thinned with diesel or kerosene to render it less viscous in cooler climates. Obviously
the solubility of the oil in petroleum also needs to be taken into account. Another method is
to emulsify the oil or fat with ethanol. Most vegetable oils are a mixture of different esters such as oleic acid (main constituent
of olive oil), ricinoleic acid (main constituent of castor oil), linoleic acid
(main constituents of linseed oil), palmitic acid (main constituent of palm kernel oil) and so on.
In an analogous way to that in which crude oil is refined to make a useable automotive
fuel, canola oil needs to be transesterified to make an automotive fuel that is useable in
unmodified diesel engines.
When the oil is processed in a transesterfication process, the various fatty
acids react with the alcohol to form a mixture of lighter esters and glycerol. The name of
the specific fuel is called after the plant (or animal) source plus the alcohol. Made from
rapeseed oil and methanol, the biodiesel is called Rape Methyl Ester (RME), from canola oil
and ethanol, Canola Ethyl Ester (CEE), and from used McDonald’s cooking oil and ethanol
or methanol, ("McDiesel").
What is "Global
Global Warming Potential (GWP) is the index used to translate the level of emissions of various gases into a common measure in order to compare the relative radiative forcing of
different gases without directly calculating the changes in atmospheric concentrations.
GWPs are calculated as the ratio of the radiative forcing
that would result from the emissions of one kilogram of a greenhouse gas to that from emission of one kilogram of carbon dioxide over a period of
time (usually 100 years). Gases involved in complex atmospheric chemical processes have not been assigned GWPs due to complications that arise.
Greenhouse gases are expressed in terms of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has presented these GWPs
and regularly updates them in new assessments. The instantaneous radiative forcing that results from the addition of 1 kilogram of a gas to the
atmosphere, relative to that of 1 kilogram of carbon dioxide.
Over a time horizon of 100 years, methane has a GWP of 24.5, nitrous oxide has a GWP
of 320, and CFC-11 has a GWP of 4,000
What Are Greenhouse Gases?
Some greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, while others result from human activities. Naturally
occurring greenhouse gases include water vapor,
carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Certain human activities, however, add to the levels of most of these naturally occurring gases:
Carbon dioxide is released to the atmosphere when solid waste, fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal), and wood and wood products are burned.
Methane is emitted during the production and transport of coal, natural gas, and oil. Methane emissions also result from the decomposition of organic wastes in municipal solid waste landfills, and the raising of livestock. More information on methane.
Nitrous oxide is emitted during agricultural and industrial activities, as well as during combustion of solid waste and fossil fuels.
Very powerful greenhouse gases that are not naturally occurring include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which are generated in a variety of industrial processes.
Global Warming Potentials and Atmospheric
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Nitrous oxide (N2O)
For more information call: 832 - 758 - 0027
a 100 year time horizon
b The methane GWP includes the direct effects and those
indirect effects due to the production of tropospheric ozone and
stratospheric water vapor. The indirect effect due to the production of CO2
is not included.
We provide turnkey services that removes Nitrogen
Oxides, Nitrous Oxides and Sulfur Oxides. Unlike most
companies, we are equipment supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help
our clients select the best equipment for their specific application. This
approach provides our customers with superior performance, decreased
operating expenses and increased return on investment. Selective
Catalytic Reduction systems are frequently used in removing NOx.
Our company provides turn-key project solutions that include all or part
of the following:
Engineering and Economic Feasibility
Project Design, Engineering &
Project Funding & Financing Options
Shared/Guaranteed Savings program with no
Operations & Maintenance
For more information: call us at: 832-758-0027
What are Nitrogen Oxides?
or NOx, is the generic term for a group of highly reactive gases, all
of which contain nitrogen and oxygen in varying amounts. Many of the
nitrogen oxides are colorless and odorless. However, one common pollutant,
nitrogen dioxide (NO2) along with particles in the air can
often be seen as a reddish-brown layer over many urban areas.
Nitrogen oxides form when fuel is burned at high temperatures, as in a
combustion process. The primary sources of NOx are motor vehicles,
electric utilities, and other industrial, commercial, and residential
sources that burn fuels.
Reasons for Concern
is one of the main ingredients involved in the formation of
ground-level ozone, which can trigger serious respiratory
reacts to form nitrate particles, acid aerosols, as well as
NO2, which also cause respiratory problems.
contributes to formation of acid rain.
contributes to nutrient overload that deteriorates water
contributes to atmospheric particles, that cause visibility
impairment most noticeable in national parks.
reacts to form toxic chemicals.
contributes to global warming.
NOx and the pollutants formed from NOx
can be transported over long distances, following the
pattern of prevailing winds in the U.S. This means that problems
associated with NOx are not confined to areas where NOx are
emitted. Therefore, controlling NOx is often most effective if
done from a regional perspective, rather than focusing on sources
in one local area.
NOx emissions are increasing.
Since 1970, EPA has tracked emissions of the six principal air
pollutants - carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, particulate
matter, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. Emissions
of all of these pollutants have decreased significantly except for
NOx which has increased approximately 10 percent over this period
How can Nitrogen Oxides be Removed from the
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is a proven and effective method to reduce nitrogen
oxides which is an air pollutant associated with the power generation
process. Nitrogen oxides are a contributor to ground level ozone.
How does Selective Catalytic Reduction work?
SCR Systems work similar to a catalytic converter used to reduce automobile emissions. Prior to exhaust gases going up the smokestack, they will pass through the SCR
System where anhydrous ammonia reacts with nitrogen oxide and converts it to nitrogen and water.
call us at: 832-758-0027
* Some of the above information from the Department
of Energy website with permission.