on this site, call or email
The Renewable Energy Institute
B100 Biodiesel: 100%
100% Renewable, 100% Affordable Fuel
produced from a variety of feedstocks, grown on American and Canadian
farms, will help to end our/your country's reliance on unstable, non-renewable, and "dirty"
middle-east oil that pollutes our environment and causes inflated energy
company builds new Biodiesel Refineries throughout the U.S. and now,
developing countries with a variety of feedstocks that include; canola, coconut,
jatropha, jojoba, mustard seed, palm oil, peanuts, rapeseed, and soybean,
association with a major U.S. university, we incorporate the latest
technologies in the production of B100 Biodiesel from oilseed crops, that
will provide our biodiesel refineries with the highest efficiencies. We
also are an importer of (vegetable) energy oils, where we refine it into
Biodiesel fuel for use in our cogeneration and trigeneration power plants.
Additionally, we buy/sell/broker (vegetable) energy oils in the
We also plan to be the international leader and supplier of
Biodiesel Refineries. For qualified clients, we provide
"turnkey" biodiesel refinery services, including; EPC
(Engineering, Procurement, Construction), Investment/Funding, Permitting,
and Emission Reduction Credits under the Kyoto Protocol's Clean
Development Mechanism. For more information, call 281-955-7343
Technologies, is based in Houston, Texas and provides the following power
and energy project development services:
Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
Procurement and Construction
Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt
Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
Party Ownership and Project Development
Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission
Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
are specialists in Renewable
Energy Technologies, Demand Side
Management and in developing clean power/energy projects that will
generate a Renewable Energy
Credit, Carbon Dioxide
Credits and/or Emission
Reduction Credits. Through our strategic partners, we offer
"turnkey" power/energy project development products and services
that may include; Absorption Chillers,
Adsorption Chillers, Automated
Demand Response, Biodiesel
Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass
Gasification, BioMethane, Canola
Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration,
Concentrating Solar Power, Demand
Response Programs, Demand Side
Conservation Measures, Energy
Master Planning, Engine Driven
Chillers, Solar CHP, Solar
Cogeneration, Rapeseed Biodiesel,
Solar Electric Heat Pumps, Solar
Electric Power Systems, Solar
Heating and Cooling, Solar
Trigeneration, Soy Biodiesel, and Trigeneration.
more information: call us at: 832-758-0027
Is this the Time to Invest in One of Our Company's New,
"State-of-the-Art" B100 Biodiesel Plants and Renewable Energy?
many celebrities are now embracing, promoting, making investments in, and
jumping on the "B100 Biodiesel fuelled Bandwagon!"
celebrities are getting involved in the B100 Biodiesel business because
it's great for the environment, helps farmers everywhere, and ends our
dependence on dirty, polluting, foreign oil supplies.
you have heard about Willie "Bio-Willie" Nelson and Morgan
Freeman, who are now not just promoting B100 Biodiesel, they're investing
in this new industry, and even loaning their names to the B100 Biodiesel
at the past 6 years production of B100 Biodiesel in the U.S.:
500,000 gallons of B100 Biodiesel were produced in the U.S.
2004: 25 million gallons of B100 Biodiesel produced in the U.S.
A 5,000% INCREASE IN ONLY 5 YEARS!
75 million gallons of B100 Biodiesel produced in the U.S.
Are you concerned about the quality of our environment?
2. Do you want to "do-good" with your investments?
3. Are you looking for a ground-floor market opportunity with huge
up-scale and growth opportunities?
Are you convinced, as we are, that Biodiesel is the "renewable fuel
and energy of the future?!?"
Then, you might be interested, and qualified, to make an investment in one
of our new Biodiesel plants.
are planning new Biodiesel plants throughout the United States, the
Caribbean, Central America and Southeast Asia. We develop, build, and own
B100 Biodiesel plants that use a variety of feedstocks, including;
Coconut Biodiesel from coconuts - Investments for new Biodiesel
plants now planned for locations in the U.S. (Hawaii),
Central America and Southeast Asia (See our website at:
for more information)
* Jatropha Biodiesel from the Jatropha Curcas plant - Investments
new Biodiesel plants now planned for locations in Asia,
Southeast Asia (See our website at: www.JatrophaBiodiesel.com
* Palm Oil Biodiesel from Palm Trees - Investments for new Biodiesel
plants now planned for locations in the U.S., Caribbean,
America and Southeast Asia (See our website at:
for more information)
* Soy Biodiesel from Soybean Oil - Investments for new Biodiesel
plants now planned for locations in the U.S., Asia, Central
Southeast Asia (See our website at: www.SoyBiodiesel.net
for more information)
Investors - Ask About Investment Opportunities In our New B100 Biodiesel
market potential for profits in new B100 Biodiesel production.
B100 Biodiesel plants are "optimum" designs.
have markets for all of our B100 Biodiesel production, as well as the
provide the "turnkey" project development.
on how we structure each new B100 Biodiesel plant and its' investment,
as well as the country the B100 Biodiesel plant is located in,
investors may receive incentives in the form of one or more of the
following; ITC's, depreciation, royalties, limited partner income, or
us make the world a "cooler, cleaner, greener" place to
are also making investments in land that is located near major
feedstock/plantations and locations of the following B100 Biodiesel
* Palm Tree
Investment opportunities in land cultivation available with first year
payback and long term recurring revenue.
are looking for investors who would like to take advantage of either
project ownership or those who would simply like to buy tax credits.
We have feedstock under contract for 20 years, so we need money to build
more plants. Call or email us today to find out more about whether
an investment in one of our new B100 Biodiesel plants is right for you.
Seek the advice of your attorney and/or financial advisor before making
any investment, including an investment in our new B100 Biodiesel plants.
Like any new and fast-growing business, the future profitability and
return on investment, if any, are dependent on a large number of
conditions, some of which include; supply and demand for our products,
location of the B100 Biodiesel plant, feedstock(s) for each new B100
Biodiesel plant, agricultural conditions of the country and region where
we obtain our feedstock, political, economic and socio-economic
conditions, global/regional and market prices and fluctuations of
our production output and co-products, foreign exchange markets and other
currency conditions/variations, labor and management conditions, among
others. This is neither an investment offering, nor a registered
security. Seek competent legal and financial advice before making
Your Own "Green" BioDiesel
Increase Profits for Farmers,
Improve the Local and Global Economy and Ecology,
Decrease Pollution and End the Monopoly of OPEC/Foreign Supplies of
At an average production rate of 260 - 300
gallons per acre, Coconut Oil ("BioDiesel") is one of the most
efficient energy crops, and second only to Crude Palm Oil that is produced
from palm trees, and at an average yield of 600-700 gallons per acre.
have been widely harvested in tropical coastal areas. The principal
product of coconuts is copra, the dried flesh of the nut, from which
coconut oil is extracted for use in food products such as margarine as
well as in cosmetics and soap. In recent years the demand for copra has
been falling, leading to declining incomes in areas that are heavily
dependent on coconut and copra production.
The coconut's copra or flesh
can be dried and pressed to produce oil.
Pacific Island Economies
South Pacific Islands are relatively poor, with average per capita
incomes of less than $2,000 per year. As many as 80 per cent of
these island citizens live in rural areas. There are hundreds of
islands in the South Pacific ocean that include many popular
destinations such as Tahiti and Fiji. Nearly all South Pacific
islands are net importers of goods.
Copra is often produced by
sun-drying the coconut flesh, though a higher-value product can be
obtained by using a hot air drier
Source: ITDG/Neil Cooper
fuel accounts for about US$9 million, or about 10 per cent of the total
value of imports. If a sizeable proportion of imported diesel could be
substituted by an indigenously produced fuel, it would make a significant
difference to the balance of payments deficit.
is the main export commodity of many South Pacific islands whose economies
are heavily dependent on the price of coconuts and copra. Lack of
opportunity and underemployment are serious problems in the country, and
realizing the full potential of coconut-based products could offer many
opportunities for developing rural-based livelihoods and providing
increased and more secure incomes.
Coconut - A Truly Versatile Commodity
is a very useful resource, not only for producing oil. The coconut
fibre from the nut, known as coir, can be processed into mats,
rope, fabrics, brushes and a biodegradable packaging material as
an alternative to expanded polystyrene, as well as an
environmentally friendly alternative to peat for potting and
bedding plants. The coconut shell is good for making charcoal for
fuel, and activated charcoal for purifying water and other liquids
residue from the pressing of the oil makes a good animal feed.
"Straight" coconut oil can be used for cooking, as well
as a fuel for lamps.
is a growing interest in the health benefits of virgin coconut oil that
has not been hydrogenated, a process which extends the shelf-life of oil
products but has associated health risks.
Coconut Oil Production
oil from soya and rapeseed (canola) has similar uses to coconut oil. In
many countries the growing of soya has expanded and harvests of the crop
have generally been good, so the market and price for copra have declined.
On some estates on the islands of Efate and the Tafea group the coconut
crop is no longer harvested, as this is not economic. Even where copra is
produced, demand is mainly for high quality grades. It is very difficult
to sell the poorer quality copra and make a profit. This mostly comes from
smaller producers who use sun or smoke to dry the coconut. Drying coconut
flesh slowly in the open air also risks bacterial infection.
exports coconut oil as well as raw copra. A single large mill, C.O.P.V.
Santo, produces this. Producing Coconut
Biodiesel for use as a biofuel on the island is possible but only
after a biodiesel plant is constructed. This would help to improve rural
incomes and economies and could mitigate the migration from rural areas to
towns where there are few employment opportunities.
advantages for using biofuels such as Coconut
Biodiesel compared with petroleum diesel include:
material resources are renewable and not finite;
grown for producing the fuel also re-absorb some of carbon dioxide
released in burning the fuel;
fuel is cleaner-burning, releasing fewer particulates and noxious
gases than diesel.
Biodiesel as Vehicle Fuel
use of oil obtained from the nuts of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera)
for use as a B100 Biodiesel fuel has been
supported the past several years by our company. The use of coconut oil
and other vegetable oils in the production of B100
Biodiesel, or "Coconut Biodiesel,"
is not new. Even straight vegetable oils such as coconut oil have
been used used in the Philippines during the Second World War when diesel
was in short supply. Since then the wide availability of diesel throughout
the world and difficulties in running engines on coconut oil in cooler
weather had virtually ended its use in this way. In recent years there has
been a revival of interest in a number of countries, e.g. Thailand, India,
the Philippines and some Pacific island states. This was due to the
growing demand for diesel because numbers of vehicles and equipment were
increasing, leading to higher prices and in some countries shortages.
There were also concerns about growing import deficits and environmental
pollution caused by increasing diesel use.
main drawback with using coconut fuel oil in engines is that it starts to
solidify at a temperature below 22°C, and by 14°C it is close to solid
and does not flow at all. In tropical countries temperatures fall below 22°C
on a significant number of nights throughout the year, and sometimes
during the day in the cooler season. If the engine is started while the
temperature is below 22 C, the fuel filter is likely to become blocked.
is the process that converts vegetable oils into B100 Biodiesel.
Transesterification, the main product of which is a methyl or ethyl ester,
has a low solidifying temperature. This process involves dehydration of
the oil followed by reaction with sodium hydroxide (caustic soda) and
methanol or ethanol.
has been suggested that better grades of copra should be used for
producing coconut oil for B100 Biodiesel, however, this is untrue as the
transesterification process resolves any issues that might have caused
problems if using coconut oils as a fuel directly.
Industries possesses proprietary technologies relating to coconut oil
extraction, which further reduces the costs related to Coconut Biodiesel
production. Normally, high-pressure screw presses are needed to extract
the oil from copra, and these need to be powered with electricity or
hydraulics. Others have found that coconut oil can be extracted from copra
at a significantly lower pressure than normal when it has been dried to a
particular moisture content, and simpler manually operated presses can be
used. It can be quite difficult to dry the copra to the right level, so it
is better dry it out as far as possible in the sun or a hot air drier,
then add the necessary amount of water. The water would be mixed in with
the oil product and would need to be removed before it could be used for
process is being disseminated under the designation of Direct Micro
Expelling (DME) and small mills have been set up by local people on
various island states, including Kiribati, Fiji, Tonga, Samoa and Tuvalu.
Because the process can be carried out on a small scale this makes it
accessible to coconut growers who can produce oil as a value-added product
and are therefore less dependent on agents for the big oil producers who
usually offer low prices for copra.
Biodiesel and the Future
for many regions is the future of energy and power
production. Our related company, Cogeneration
Technologies builds cogeneration power plants that are fueled with Coconut
Biodiesel as the primary fuel to make power and energy. Coconut
Biodiesel has numerous economic and environmental benefits and helps
developing countries become energy independent, and simultaneously
eliminates the need for petroleum products that pollute the environment
and damage the economies of developing countries.
What is Biodiesel?
Biodiesel is an environmentally- friendly, renewable energy source that could also produce cost savings for taxpayers and private
businesses and is produced from farmers that grow various fuel crops.
Biodiesel produced from canola and rapeseed oil is superior to soy biodiesel.
Especially due to the widely varying price fluctuations of soybeans. And
because the feedstock (the oil produced from the fuel crop, such as
soybeans, rapeseed or canola) to make biodiesel makes up about 80% of the
100 % biodiesel, basic economics dictate that the feedstock be obtained
from the least-cost source, which is going to be either canola or
Initial research conducted by the University of Saskatchewan and the AAFC Saskatoon Research Centre has found that each ton of renewable biodiesel fuel saves five times its weight in diesel fuel. As well, engines using biodiesel demonstrate wear rates as much as 50% lower than those using regular commercial fuels – effectively doubling engine life.
Canola is a member of the Brassica Family, which includes broccoli, cabbage,
cauliflower, mustard, radish, and turnip. It is a variant of the crop rapeseed. Grown for its seed, the seed
is crushed for the oil contained within. After the oil is extracted, the by-product is a protein-richmeal used by the intensive livestock industry.
Canola is a very small seed, which means sowing depth must be controlled.
The current sowing practice is to cover the seed lightly with soil, which
provides more protection from drying out after germination.
Canola is generally sown in autumn and develops over winter, with flowers
emerging in the spring and is harvested early summer. With a growing
period of around 180-200 days climatic effects such as sudden heat waves can reduce yields and hot dry conditions can
limit its oil content. Summer weather ensures low moisture (less than 6%) at harvest. Carry-in
stocks of canola are minimal because of a lack of on-farm storage. Canola is a good rotational crop, acting as a break crop for cereal root diseases. However
for disease-related reasons, a rotation period of 3-5 years is required for canola crops.
of iodine in grams absorbed per 100 ml of oil is then the IV. The higher the IV, the
more unsaturated (the greater the number of double bonds available) is the oil and the higher
the potential to ‘gum up’ when used as a fuel in an engine. Though some oils have a low IV and are suitable without any further processing other
than extraction and filtering, the majority of vegetable and animal oils have an IV which does
not permit their use as a neat fuel.
Generally speaking, an IV of less than about 25 is required if the neat oil is to be used
in unmodified diesel engines and this severely limited the types of oil that can be used.
The IV can be easily reduced by hydrogenation of the oil (reacting the oil with hydrogen),
the hydrogen breaking the double bond and converting the fat or oil into a more saturated oil
and reducing the tendency of the oil to polymerise. However this process also tends to increase
the melting point of the oil and converts the oil into margarine. Only coconut oil has an IV low enough to be used without
any special precautions in a unmodified diesel engine. However with a melting point of 25°C,
the use of coconut oil in cooler areas would obviously lead to problems.
Linseed oil could be mixed with petroleum diesel at a
ratio of up to 1:8 to give an equivalent IV in the mid-twenties. Likewise coconut oil can be thinned with diesel or kerosene to render it less viscous in cooler climates. Obviously
the solubility of the oil in petroleum also needs to be taken into account. Another method is
to emulsify the oil or fat with ethanol. Most vegetable oils are a mixture of different esters such as oleic acid (main constituent
of olive oil), ricinoleic acid (main constituent of castor oil), linoleic acid
(main constituents of linseed oil), palmitic acid (main constituent of palm kernel oil) and so on.
In an analogous way to that in which crude oil is refined to make a useable automotive
fuel, canola oil needs to be transesterified to make an automotive fuel that is useable in
unmodified diesel engines.
When the oil is processed in a transesterfication process, the various fatty
acids react with the alcohol to form a mixture of lighter esters and glycerol. The name of
the specific fuel is called after the plant (or animal) source plus the alcohol. Made from
rapeseed oil and methanol, the biodiesel is called Rape Methyl Ester (RME), from canola oil
and ethanol, Canola Ethyl Ester (CEE), and from used McDonald’s cooking oil and ethanol
or methanol, ("McDiesel").
What is Rapeseed Biodiesel?
Rapeseed, some varieties of which are used to make mustard and others to make canola oil, is the preferred biodiesel feedstock in Europe.
Depending on the variety, rapeseed oil contains about 40 to 50 percent of
its weight in rapeseed is oil, as compared with only 20 percent for soybeans. It can be planted and harvested with the
same equipment used for small grains. In addition, rapeseed oil offers certain advantages in the production of biodiesel.
What is "Global
Global Warming Potential (GWP) is the index used to translate the level of emissions of various gases into a common measure in order to compare the relative radiative forcing of
different gases without directly calculating the changes in atmospheric concentrations.
GWPs are calculated as the ratio of the radiative forcing
that would result from the emissions of one kilogram of a greenhouse gas to that from emission of one kilogram of carbon dioxide over a period of
time (usually 100 years). Gases involved in complex atmospheric chemical processes have not been assigned GWPs due to complications that arise.
Greenhouse gases are expressed in terms of Carbon Dioxide Equivalent. The International Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has presented these GWPs
and regularly updates them in new assessments. The instantaneous radiative forcing that results from the addition of 1 kilogram of a gas to the
atmosphere, relative to that of 1 kilogram of carbon dioxide.
Over a time horizon of 100 years, methane has a GWP of 24.5, nitrous oxide has a GWP
of 320, and CFC-11 has a GWP of 4,000
What Are Greenhouse Gases?
Some greenhouse gases occur naturally in the atmosphere, while others result from human activities. Naturally
occurring greenhouse gases include water vapor,
carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and ozone. Certain human activities, however, add to the levels of most of these naturally occurring gases:
Carbon dioxide is released to the atmosphere when solid waste, fossil fuels (oil, natural gas, and coal), and wood and wood products are burned.
Methane is emitted during the production and transport of coal, natural gas, and oil. Methane emissions also result from the decomposition of organic wastes in municipal solid waste landfills, and the raising of livestock. More information on methane.
Nitrous oxide is emitted during agricultural and industrial activities, as well as during combustion of solid waste and fossil fuels.
Very powerful greenhouse gases that are not naturally occurring include hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs), and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6), which are generated in a variety of industrial processes.
Global Warming Potentials and Atmospheric
Carbon dioxide (CO2)
Nitrous oxide (N2O)
For more information call: 832 - 758 - 0027
a 100 year time horizon
b The methane GWP includes the direct effects and those
indirect effects due to the production of tropospheric ozone and
stratospheric water vapor. The indirect effect due to the production of CO2
is not included.
We provide turnkey services that removes Nitrogen
Oxides, Nitrous Oxides and Sulfur Oxides. Unlike most
companies, we are equipment supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help
our clients select the best equipment for their specific application. This
approach provides our customers with superior performance, decreased
operating expenses and increased return on investment. Selective
Catalytic Reduction systems are frequently used in removing NOx.
What are Nitrogen Oxides?
Nitrogen oxides, or NOx, is the generic term for a group of highly reactive gases, all
of which contain nitrogen and oxygen in varying amounts. Many of the
nitrogen oxides are colorless and odorless. However, one common pollutant,
nitrogen dioxide (NO2) along with particles in the air can
often be seen as a reddish-brown layer over many urban areas.
Nitrogen oxides form when fuel is burned at high temperatures, as in a
combustion process. The primary sources of NOx are motor vehicles,
electric utilities, and other industrial, commercial, and residential
sources that burn fuels.
Reasons for Concern
one of the main ingredients involved in the formation of
ground-level ozone, which can trigger serious respiratory
reacts to form nitrate particles, acid aerosols, as well as
NO2, which also cause respiratory problems.
contributes to formation of acid rain.
contributes to nutrient overload that deteriorates water
contributes to atmospheric particles, that cause visibility
impairment most noticeable in national parks.
reacts to form toxic chemicals.
contributes to global warming.
NOx and the pollutants formed from NOx
can be transported over long distances, following the
pattern of prevailing winds in the U.S. This means that problems
associated with NOx are not confined to areas where NOx are
emitted. Therefore, controlling NOx is often most effective if
done from a regional perspective, rather than focusing on sources
in one local area.
NOx emissions are increasing.
Since 1970, EPA has tracked emissions of the six principal air
pollutants - carbon monoxide, lead, nitrogen oxides, particulate
matter, sulfur dioxide, and volatile organic compounds. Emissions
of all of these pollutants have decreased significantly except for
NOx which has increased approximately 10 percent over this period
How can Nitrogen Oxides be Removed from the
Selective Catalytic Reduction (SCR) is a proven and effective method to reduce nitrogen
oxides which is an air pollutant associated with the power generation
process. Nitrogen oxides are a contributor to ground level ozone.
How does Selective Catalytic Reduction work?
SCR Systems work similar to a catalytic converter used to reduce automobile emissions. Prior to exhaust gases going up the smokestack, they will pass through the SCR
System where anhydrous ammonia reacts with nitrogen oxide and converts it to nitrogen and water.
* Some of the above information from the Department
of Energy website with permission.