on this site, call or email
The Renewable Energy Institute
Cleaner, Greener Power & Energy Solutions project
development services are one of our specialties. These projects are Kyoto
Protocol compliant and generate clean energy and significantly fewer
greenhouse gas emissions. Unlike most companies, we are equipment
supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help our clients select the best
equipment for their specific application. This approach provides our
customers with superior performance, decreased operating expenses and
increased return on investment.
Energy Technologies provides
project development services that generate clean energy and significantly
reduce greenhouse gas emissions and
carbon dioxide emissions.
Included in this are our
products and services which includes renewable
energy technologies, waste to energy,
waste to watts and waste
heat recovery solutions. Other project development
technologies include; Anaerobic Digester,
Anaerobic Lagoon, Biogas
Recovery, BioMethane, Biomass
Gasification, and Landfill Gas To
Energy, project development services.
services provided by Cogeneration Technologies includes the following
power and energy project development services:
Engineering Feasibility & Economic Analysis Studies
Procurement and Construction
Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options; including Equity Investment, Debt
Financing, Lease and Municipal Lease
Savings Program with No Capital Investment from Qualified Clients
Party Ownership and Project Development
Tag (Renewable Energy Credit, Carbon Dioxide Credits, Emission
Reduction Credits) Brokerage Services; Application and Permitting
more information: call us at: 832-758-0027
are Renewable Energy
Technologies specialists and develop clean power and energy projects
that will generate a "Renewable
Energy Credit," Carbon
Dioxide Credits and Emission
Reduction Credits. Some of our products and services solutions
and technologies include; Absorption
Chillers, Adsorption Chillers, Automated
Demand Response, Biodiesel
Refineries, Biofuel Refineries, Biomass
Gasification, BioMethane, Canola
Biodiesel, Coconut Biodiesel, Cogeneration,
Concentrating Solar Power, Demand
Response Programs, Demand Side
Conservation Measures, Energy
Master Planning, Engine Driven
Chillers, Geothermal Heatpumps,
Groundsource Heatpumps, Solar
CHP, Solar Cogeneration, Rapeseed
Biodiesel, Solar Electric Heat
Pumps, Solar Electric Power
Systems, Solar Heating and
Cooling, Solar Trigeneration, Soy
Biodiesel, Trigeneration, and Watersource
Our company provides
cooler, cleaner, greener power and energy engineering design and project
development solutions. We also offer energy-saving technologies that
may include; Absorption
Demand Response, Cogeneration, Demand
Response Programs, Demand
Side Management, Energy
Master Planning, Engine
Driven Chillers, Trigeneration
Conservation Measures. Our turn-key project solutions that
include all or part of the following:
and Economic Feasibility Studies
Design, Engineering & Permitting
Funding & Financing Options
Savings program with no capital requirements.
For more information: call
us at: 832-758-0027
Hydrogen Fuel Cells
Hydrogen's potential use in fuel and energy applications includes powering vehicles, running turbines or fuel cells to produce electricity, and generating heat and electricity for buildings. The current focus is on hydrogen's use in fuel cells.
A fuel cell works like a battery but does not run down or need recharging. It will produce electricity and heat as long as fuel (hydrogen) is supplied. A fuel cell consists of two electrodes—a negative electrode (or anode) and a positive electrode (or cathode)—sandwiched around an electrolyte. Hydrogen is fed to the anode, and oxygen is fed to the cathode. Activated by a catalyst, hydrogen atoms separate into protons and electrons, which take different paths to the cathode. The electrons go through an external circuit, creating a flow of electricity. The protons migrate through the electrolyte to the cathode, where they reunite with oxygen and the electrons to produce water and heat. Fuel cells can be used to power vehicles or to provide electricity and heat to buildings.
The primary fuel cell technologies under development are:
Phosphoric Acid Fuel Cells
A phosphoric acid fuel cell (PAFC) consists of an anode and a cathode made of a finely dispersed platinum catalyst on carbon paper, and a silicon carbide matrix that holds the phosphoric acid electrolyte. This is the most commercially developed type of fuel cell and is being used in hotels, hospitals, and office buildings. The phosphoric acid fuel cell can also be used in large vehicles, such as buses.
Proton-Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells
The proton-exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell uses a fluorocarbon ion exchange with a polymeric membrane as the electrolyte. The PEM cell appears to be more adaptable to automobile use than the PAFC type of cell. These cells operate at relatively low temperatures and can vary their output to meet shifting power demands. These cells are the best candidates for light-duty vehicles, for buildings, and much smaller applications.
Solid Oxide Fuel Cells
Solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) currently under development use a thin layer of zirconium oxide as a solid ceramic electrolyte, and include a lanthanum manganate cathode and a
nickel-zirconia anode. This is a promising option for high-powered applications, such as industrial uses or central electricity generating stations.
Direct-Methanol Fuel Cells
A relatively new member of the fuel-cell family, the direct-methanol fuel cell
(DMFC) is similar to the PEM cell in that it uses a polymer membrane as an electrolyte. However, a catalyst on the DMFC anode draws hydrogen from liquid methanol, eliminating the need for a fuel reformer.
Molten Carbonate Fuel Cells
The molten carbonate fuel cell uses a molten carbonate salt as the electrolyte. It has the potential to be fueled with coal-derived fuel gases or natural gas.
Alkaline Fuel Cells
The alkaline fuel cell uses an alkaline electrolyte such as potassium hydroxide. Originally used by NASA on space missions, it is now finding applications in hydrogen-powered vehicles.
Regenerative or Reversible Fuel Cells
This special class of fuel cells produces electricity from hydrogen and oxygen, but can be reversed and powered with electricity to produce hydrogen and oxygen.
Since the early 19th century, scientists have recognized hydrogen as a potential source of fuel. Current uses of hydrogen are in industrial processes, rocket fuel, and spacecraft propulsion. With further research and development, this fuel could also serve as an alternative source of energy for heating and lighting homes, generating electricity, and fueling motor vehicles. When produced from renewable resources and technologies, such as hydro, solar, and wind energy, hydrogen becomes a renewable fuel.
Composition of Hydrogen
Hydrogen is the simplest and most common element in the universe. It has the highest energy content per unit of weight—52,000 British Thermal Units (Btu) per pound (or 120.7 kilojoules per gram)—of any known fuel. Moreover, when cooled to a liquid state, this
low-weight fuel takes up 1/700 as much space as it does in its gaseous state. This is one reason hydrogen is used as a fuel for rocket and spacecraft propulsion, which requires fuel that is
low-weight, compact, and has a high energy content.
In a free state and under normal conditions, hydrogen is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless gas. The basic hydrogen (H) molecule exists as two atoms bound together by shared electrons. Each atom is composed of one proton and one orbiting electron. Since hydrogen is about 1/14 as dense as air, some scientists believe it to be the source of all other elements through the process of nuclear fusion. It usually exists in combination with other elements, such as oxygen in water, carbon in methane, and in trace elements as organic compounds. Because it is so chemically active, it rarely stands alone as an element.
When burned (or combined) with pure oxygen, the only by products are heat and water. When burned (or combined) with air, which is about 68% nitrogen, some oxides of nitrogen
(Nitrogen Oxides or NOx) are formed. Even then, burning hydrogen produces less air pollutants relative to fossil fuels.
Hydrogen bound in organic matter and in water makes up 70% of the earth's surface. Breaking up these bonds in water allows us produce hydrogen and then to use it as a fuel. There are numerous processes that can be used to break these bonds. Described below are a few methods for producing hydrogen that are currently used, or are under research and development.
Most of the hydrogen now produced in the United States is on an industrial scale by the process of steam reforming, or as a byproduct of petroleum refining and chemicals production. Steam reforming uses thermal energy to separate hydrogen from the carbon components in methane and methanol, and involves the reaction of these fuels with steam on catalytic surfaces. The first step of the reaction decomposes the fuel into hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Then a "shift reaction" changes the carbon monoxide and water to carbon dioxide and hydrogen. These reactions occur at temperatures of 392° F (200 ° C) or greater.
Another way to produce hydrogen is by electrolysis. Electrolysis separates the elements of water—H and oxygen (O)—by charging water with an electrical current. Adding an electrolyte such as salt improves the conductivity of the water and increases the efficiency of the process. The charge breaks the chemical bond between the hydrogen and oxygen and splits apart the atomic components, creating charged particles called ions. The ions form at two poles: the anode, which is positively charged, and the cathode, which is negatively charged. Hydrogen gathers at the cathode and the anode attracts oxygen. A voltage of 1.24 Volts is necessary to separate hydrogen from oxygen in pure water at 77° Fahrenheit (F) and 14.7 pounds per square inch pressure [25° Celsius (C) and 1.03 kilograms (kg) per centimeter squared.] This voltage requirement increases or decreases with changes in temperature and pressure.
The smallest amount of electricity necessary to electrolyze one mole of water is 65.3 Watt-hours (at 77° F; 25 degrees C). Producing one cubit foot of hydrogen requires 0.14 kilowatt-hours (kWh) of electricity (or 4.8 kWh per cubic meter).
Renewable energy sources can produce electricity for electrolysis. For example, Humboldt State University's Schatz Energy Research Center designed and built a stand-alone solar hydrogen system. The system uses a 9.2 kilowatt (KW) photovoltaic (PV) array to provide power to compressors that aerate fish tanks. The power not used to run the compressors runs a 7.2 kilowatt bipolar alkaline
electrolyzer. The electrolyzer can produce 53 standard cubic feet of hydrogen per hour (25 liters per minute). The unit has been operating without supervision since 1993. When there is not enough power from the PV array, the hydrogen provides fuel for a 1.5 kilowatt proton exchange membrane fuel cell to provide power for the compressors.
Steam electrolysis is a variation of the conventional electrolysis process. Some of the energy needed to split the water is added as heat instead of electricity, making the process more efficient than conventional electrolysis. At 2,500 degrees Celsius water decomposes into hydrogen and oxygen. This heat could be provided by a concentrating solar energy device. The problem here is to prevent the hydrogen and oxygen from recombining at the high temperatures used in the process.
Thermochemical water splitting uses chemicals such as bromine or iodine, assisted by heat. This causes the water molecule to split. It takes several steps—usually three—to accomplish this entire process.
Photoelectrochemical processes use two types of electrochemical systems to produce hydrogen. One uses soluble metal complexes as a catalyst, while the other uses semiconductor surfaces. When the soluble metal complex dissolves, the complex absorbs solar energy and produces an electrical charge that drives the water splitting reaction. This process mimics photosynthesis.
The other method uses semiconducting electrodes in a photochemical cell to convert optical energy into chemical energy. The semiconductor surface serves two functions, to absorb solar energy and to act as an electrode. Light-induced corrosion limits the useful life of the semiconductor.
Researchers at the University of Tennessee and U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory are researching ways to use photosynthesis to produce hydrogen from sunlight. The researchers extracted two photosynthetic complexes from spinach plants; called Photosystem I and Photosystem II. The two work together to produce carbohydrates for the plant. By attaching platinum atoms to the Photosystem I complexes, the researchers were able to produce hydrogen from visible light. Unfortunately, the process required the use of an added chemical that makes the overall process impractical, but the achievement shows potential. The researchers are working to combine the
platinum-Photosystem I complexes with the Photosystem II complexes, forming a molecular system that can convert light and water directly into hydrogen, without help from an added chemical.
Biological and photobiological processes can use algae and bacteria to produce hydrogen. Under specific conditions, the pigments in certain types of algae absorb solar energy. The enzyme in the cell acts as a catalyst to split the water molecules. Some bacteria are also capable of producing hydrogen, but unlike algae they require a substrate to grow on. The organisms not only produce hydrogen, but can clean up pollution as well.
Research funded by DOE has led to the discovery of a mechanism to produce significant quantities of hydrogen from algae. Scientists have known for decades that algae produce trace amounts of hydrogen, but had not found a feasible method to increase the production of hydrogen. Scientists from the University of California
(UC), Berkeley, and the U.S. DOE's National Renewable Energy Laboratory found the key. After allowing the algae culture to grow under normal conditions, the research team deprived it of both sulfur and oxygen, causing it to switch to an alternate metabolism that generates hydrogen. After several days of generating hydrogen, the algae culture was returned to normal conditions for a few days, allowing it to store up more energy. The process could be repeated many times. Producing hydrogen from algae could eventually provide a cost-effective and practical means to convert sunlight into hydrogen.
Another source of hydrogen produced through natural processes is methane and ethanol. Methane (CH4) is a component of "biogas" that is produced by anaerobic bacteria. Anaerobic bacteria occur widely throughout the environment. They break down or "digest" organic material in the absence of oxygen and produce biogas as a waste product. Sources of biogas include landfills, and livestock waste and municipal sewage treatment facilities. Methane is also the principal component of "natural gas" (a major heating and power plant fuel) produced by anaerobic bacteria eons ago. Ethanol is produced by the fermentation of biomass. Most fuel ethanol produced in the United States is made from corn.
Chemical engineers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have developed a process to produce hydrogen from glucose, a sugar produced by many plants. The process shows particular promise because it occurs at relatively low temperatures, and can produce fuel-cell-grade hydrogen in a single step. Glucose is manufactured in vast quantities from corn starch, but can also be derived from sugar beets or low-cost waste streams like paper mill sludge, cheese whey, corn stover or wood waste.
The United States, Japan, Canada, and France have investigated thermal water splitting, a radically different approach to creating hydrogen. This process uses heat of up to 5,430°F (3,000°C) to split water molecules.
Potential Uses for Hydrogen
When properly stored, hydrogen as a fuel burns in either a gaseous or liquid state. Motor vehicles and furnaces can be converted to use hydrogen as a fuel. Hydrogen has actually been used in the transportation, industrial, and residential sectors in the United States for many years. Many people in the late 19th century burned a fuel called "town gas," which is a mixture of hydrogen and carbon monoxide. Several countries, including Brazil and Germany, still distribute this fuel. Hydrogen was used in early "hot-air" balloons, and later in airships (dirigibles) during the early 1900's. Gaseous hydrogen was used in 1820 as fuel for one of the earliest internal combustion engines. The U.S. Air Force had a secret, multi-million dollar program during the 1950's, code-named "Suntan," to develop hydrogen as a fuel for airplanes. Currently, industries use large quantities of hydrogen for refining petroleum, and for producing ammonia and methanol. The Space Shuttle uses hydrogen as fuel for its rockets. Automobile manufacturers have developed hydrogen-powered cars.
Burning hydrogen creates less air pollution than gasoline or diesel. Hydrogen also has a higher flame speed, wider flammability limits, higher detonation temperature, burns hotter, and takes less energy to ignite than gasoline. This means that hydrogen burns faster, but carries the danger of pre-ignition and flashback. While hydrogen has its advantages as a vehicle fuel it still has a long way to go before it can be used as a substitute for gasoline. This is mainly due to the investment required to develop a hydrogen production and distribution infrastructure.
However, things are getting started in this regard. Vehicle manufacturers Honda and BMW have set up hydrogen fueling stations as part of their efforts to develop fuel cell powered cars. At Honda's research and development center in Torrance, California, a PV array electrolyses hydrogen from water. The array generates enough hydrogen to power one fuel-cell vehicle. Additional power from the power grid is used to increase the hydrogen production capacity. The new station is supporting Honda's fuel cell vehicle development program for hydrogen production, storage, and fueling. Honda and a fuel cell developer are also working together on a "home" hydrogen refueling system for fuel cell vehicles. BMW opened a hydrogen fueling station at the company's engineering and emissions control test center in Oxnard, California. BMW is taking a different approach than most car companies, burning hydrogen directly in advanced internal-combustion engines, and is testing these vehicles at the Oxnard facility.
The California Fuel Cell Partnership (CaFCP) is also building a hydrogen infrastructure. The CaFCP commissioned its first "satellite" hydrogen fueling system in late October 2002, in Richmond, California, about 70 miles from the CaFCP headquarters and a primary refueling facility in West Sacramento. This extends the range over which the CaFCP's prototype fuel cell vehicles can be driven. The fueling system uses electrolysis to generate hydrogen from water and includes a storage unit capable of holding 104 pounds (47 kilograms) of hydrogen. It is capable of fueling a small fleet of vehicles and requires only one or two minutes per refueling.
In November 2002, the world's first hydrogen energy station that can provide fuel for vehicles and also produce electricity opened in Las Vegas Nevada. The station is located in the city's vehicle maintenance and operation service center. It combines an on-site hydrogen generator, compressor, liquid and gaseous hydrogen storage tanks, dispensing systems, and a stationary fuel cell. It is capable of dispensing hydrogen, hydrogen-enriched natural gas, and compressed natural gas. DOE is also working with the city to convert municipal vehicles to operate on hydrogen.
Fuel cells are a type of technology that use hydrogen to produce useful energy. In fuel cells, electrolysis is reversed by combining hydrogen and oxygen through an electrochemical process, which produces electricity, heat, and water. The U.S. space program has used fuel cells to power spacecraft for decades. Fuel cells capable of powering automobiles and buses have been and are being developed. Several companies are developing fuel cells for stationary power generation. Most major automobile manufacturers are developing fuel cell powered automobiles.
Hydrogen could be considered a way to store energy produced from renewable resources such as solar, wind, biomass, hydro, and geothermal. For example, when the sun is shining, solar photovoltaic systems can provide the electricity needed to separate the hydrogen (as described above regarding Humboldt State University's Research Center). The hydrogen could then be stored and burned as fuel, or to operate a fuel cell to generate electricity at night or during cloudy periods.
In order to use hydrogen on a large scale, safe, practical storage systems must be developed, especially for automobiles. Although hydrogen can be stored as a liquid, it is a difficult process because the hydrogen must be cooled to -423° Fahrenheit (-253° Celsius). Refrigerating hydrogen to this temperature uses the equivalent of 25% to 30% of its energy content, and requires special materials and handling. To cool one pound (0.45 kg) of hydrogen requires 5 kWh of electrical energy.
Hydrogen may also be stored as a gas, which uses less energy than making liquid hydrogen. As a gas, it must be pressurized to store any appreciable amount. For large-scale use, pressurized Hydrogen gas could be stored in caverns, gas fields, and mines. The hydrogen gas could then be piped into individual homes in the same way as natural gas. Though this means of storage is feasible for heating, it is not practical for transportation because the pressurized metal tanks used for storing hydrogen gas for transportation are very expensive.
A potentially more efficient method of storing hydrogen is in hydrides. Hydrides are chemical compounds of hydrogen and other materials. Research is currently being conducted on magnesium hydrides. Certain metal alloys such as magnesium nickel, magnesium copper, and iron titanium compounds, absorb hydrogen and release it when heated. Hydrides, however, store little energy per unit weight. Current research aims to produce a compound that will carry a significant amount of hydrogen with a high energy density, release the hydrogen as a fuel, react quickly, and be cost-effective.
A company in Utah, Power Ball Technologies, has developed a process in which sodium metal is pelletized and encapsulated with polyethylene plastic. The pellets can then be containerized, transported, and then opened in a patented hydrogen generator to produce hydrogen gas. According to the company, each gallon of these pellets is capable of producing 1,307 gallons of hydrogen gas, which is an equivalent hydrogen storage density more than 7 times greater by volume than a compressed hydrogen tank storing hydrogen at 3,000
The Cost of Hydrogen
Currently the most cost-effective way to produce hydrogen is steam reforming. According to the U.S. Department of Energy, in 1995 the cost was $7.39 per million Btu ($7.00 per
gigajoule) in large plant production. This assumes a cost for natural gas of $2.43 per million Btu ($2.30 per
gigajoule). This is the equivalent of $0.93 per gallon ($0.24 per liter) of gasoline. The production of hydrogen by electrolysis using hydroelectricity at off peak rates costs between $10.55 to $21.10 per million Btu ($10.00 to $20.00 per
Hydrogen Research in the United States
Recognizing the potential for hydrogen fuel, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and private organizations have funded research and development (R&D) programs for several years. DOE has a major effort to develop hydrogen as a major fuel within the next few decades. Information on this program is available on the World Wide Web at:
focus is based in providing "optimized" power and energy
projects that provides our commercial, industrial, utility and municipal
clients with reduced fuel
expenses, lowered electricity expenses, increased system efficiency,
and therefore results in decreased carbon
dioxide emissions and greenhouse
gas emissions. Our
onsite power generation systems are "environmentally-friendly"
as well. Because we provide an "optimized" power and
energy solution, we maximize the available btu's and achieve system
efficiencies of 85% to 90% or more. This means far fewer emissions
since much less fuel is required.
Unlike the majority of other companies, we are equipment supplier/vendor neutral. This means we help our clients select the best equipment for their specific application. This approach provides our customers with superior performance, decreased operating expenses and increased return on investment. For
qualified clients, we develop, design, build, own and operate onsite power
generation energy and power plants. For many of our customers, we do
this at NO COST, and then we deliver the power (electricity) and energy
(hot water, chilled water and steam) your company, building, plant, campus
or facility requires - and at a cost savings of 25% to 60% or more. (actual savings depends on your electric rates, electric demand charges, natural gas rate, location, how and when energy is used, time of day rates, among others).
and more of our commercial, industrial and utility clients are requiring
clean energy and power solutions - which also provide substantial economic
and environmental savings. After identifying our customer's specific
requirements and goals, and ask us to proceed, we conduct a comprehensive
analysis that tell us exactly how and when you use each btu and kWh.
At the conclusion, we provide our client with a proposal that lists
specific recommendations that will reduce energy and power expenses.
proposals and recommendations are based on our client's
specific requirements and goals - for example; a
client may request that our list of recommendations include only those
items that have an ROI of less than 36 months.
IMPORTANTLY FOR OUR CUSTOMERS.....WE
ARE VENDOR, EQUIPMENT, AND SUPPLIER NEUTRAL!! There are
thousands of companies involved in energy design, management and
manufacturers of power and energy equipment - most with single-source
suppliers or equipment offerings. Our "optimized" energy
management solution may include a mix of several suppliers that provides
the best solution for our clients. Some of the solutions we may recommend
include; load shifting, boiler plant thermal energy storage, demand side
management, absorption chillers, engine driven chillers, hybrid chiller
plants, and distributed generation/onsite power and energy systems that
include cogeneration or our advanced trigeneration and even quadgeneration
cogeneration, trigeneration or quadgeneration system's best solution may
involve multiple suppliers of equipment options. We are dedicated to
providing the optimum energy solution for our clients.
This means we review all of the equipment offerings to find the best
equipment solution for our clients. Our client's have
individual and unique energy requirements that don't always match a given
manufacturer's equipment offering.... we find the optimum solution for
your specific requirements - then we match your solution with the right
equipment - which might mean coming from many different - and competing
10 Reasons your company should install an optimized energy system from us:
1. SUBSTANTIALLY LOWER ENERGY EXPENSES! Your combined energy
expenses (electricity and natural gas) costs will be significantly
reduced. Savings of 20% to 60% or more from your existing and natural gas
rates are often achieved.
2. Trigeneration is the most efficient and environmentally-friendly method
to produce electricity, hot water/steam and chilled water for onsite
energy uses. This can be a significant public relations opportunity for
business through installation of our “cooler, cleaner greener”
3. Our advanced trigeneration systems routinely obtain and surpass 90%
efficiency as opposed to 27%-35% efficiency from your electric utility
4. “Free” hot water! Our clean energy systems eliminates/reduces the
need for boilers and water heaters. After installation of our co/tri/quadgeneration system, your facility can have smaller boilers/water
heaters… or maybe none at all. This results in less maintenance and
5. Eliminates or reduces the need for your having to “invest” in the
electric company’s utility transformers. Trigeneration Technologies can
help you make the right energy solutions that will save 20% to 60% or more
on energy costs.
6. ROI’s (Return on Investment) of 12 months to LESS than 3 years!
7. Electric rates continue to escalate. You can lock-in your energy costs
for up to 10 years with one of our trigeneration systems.
8. Elimination of up to 100% of your electric demand charges from your
9. Eliminates/reduces black-outs, power interruptions, demand charges and
other electric utility problems.
10. We are supplier and vendor-neutral. We select the
optimum energy and power system solution for your facility. This means the
system selected for your facility is the best system that will return the
best returns for your investment.
We use the following foundational elements to all of our energy and power
1. Project Planning – Planning is critical to your project’s success.
We design & engineer the “optimum” energy and power solution,
which results in reduced energy costs for the life of the project.
2. Collaboration - no single product, system, project, consultant, group,
or corporation can achieve an optimized energy solution selling just their
line of products. We collaborate with all equipment suppliers to find the
optimum solution for your facilities.
3. Options – We provide options of proven technologies that are
customized energy/power solutions for our clients, as opposed to
equipment from single-source manufacturers.
For utility and industrial clients needing optimum energy solutions, Cogeneration Technologies specializes in power and process steam as well as waste heat recovery. For commercial clients needing to lower energy expenses, Trigeneration Technologies specializes in trigeneration and quadgeneration systems that dramatically Our company provides significant savings for our clients through reduced fuel expenses while simultaneously raising their power reliability (no more blackouts). Our company president has been involved in the energy industry since 1981 and has been involved in cogeneration and trigeneration since 1986.
develop and implement energy solutions that improve the global environment
by producing clean energy from fuels such as natural gas (including
liquefied natural gas and compressed natural gas), agricultural, municipal
and forestry waste and other renewable resources such as energy crops.
EGS’ power plants can also accept a wide range of biomass feedstock, all
of which can be converted into a clean burning, medium-Btu gas that can be
used as a direct substitute for natural gas.
consultants in the energy field, we can design, engineer and develop power
projects up to 500 MW. We were
recently selected to design, build, own and operate a 15 MW trigeneration
power plant for the new
and Resort. This power plant will
incorporate thermal energy storage as well as solar power for one of the
cleanest power plants to ever be designed in
also manufacture our own cogeneration system and advanced trigeneration
system for commercial buildings, properties and businesses.
We can provide a system for just about any size building or
business with our systems that range in size from 60 kW to 200 kW.
And by placing units together, we can provide as much as 3
megawatts of power.
advanced trigeneration process, coupled with a conventional reciprocating
engine or gas turbine, can convert fuel into electric power at over twice
the efficiency of conventional systems.
highly efficient power plants produce up to 4 different types of energy
using our advanced trigeneration technology i.e. electricity, steam, hot
water, and chilled water for air conditioning from one “on-site” power
plant in one process using one fuel.
Our Advanced Trigeneration System
Reaches system efficiencies of up to 90%, compared with conventional power plants at around 28% - 35% and combined-cycle cogeneration power plants at about 60% efficient.
Significantly reduces environmental impact compared to typical fossil fuel based power plants, including the elimination of net greenhouse gas additions to the environment.
May save as much money through increased energy efficiencies so that the new system is paid for in as little as 2-3 years (depending on existing electric rates, load profile and thermal demand).
Reduces demand of power from the electric grid.
Eliminates black-outs and other power interruptions.
Decreases our dependence on foreign oil.
With the ability to obtain competitively priced fuel, Trigeneration Technologies’ advanced trigeneration process is competitive with all other forms of renewable and nonrenewable energy production. Advanced cogeneration and trigeneration technologies are our specialties. Trigeneration provides even greater savings and energy efficiencies (up to 50% greater than cogeneration) for our clients that provides even further reductions in the amounts of harmful emissions typically associated with power production. Trigeneration is now the preferred energy technology throughout Europe and Asia.
* From the Department of Energy
website with permission